Tuesday, April 5, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 5

 

1916 Battle of Sannaiyat by Kut British attacked Ottomans Took Hanna and Fallahiya British had 1,885

casualties

1939 King Faisal II made king Ilah made Regent Asked Nuri al-Said to become PM again for 3rd time

(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Historian Phebe Marr comparing PM Said with PM Maliki)

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

(Musings On Iraq review ‘Independent Iraq’ The Monarchy & British Influence, 1941-1958)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Democratic Moment)

1955 UK joined Iraq-Turkey agreement that became anti-Communist Baghdad Pact PM Said didn’t inform

parliament

1965 Arif govt launched military offensive against Kurds

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq & the Kurdish Question, 1958-70)

1980 Saddam gave speech saying conflict with Iran was about Arabs vs Persians and denounced

Khomeini

1980 Funeral of those killed in Mustansiriya bombing hit by a bomb Both done by Islamic Action

Organization Iran again blamed

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1984 Reagan issued NSDD 139 that US would help Iraq in Iran-Iraq War

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

1985 Iranian delegation to Soviet Union said that Tehran would only accept complete Iraqi surrender to

end Iran-Iraq War

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1990 Iraq said it would destroy its WMD if Israel did the same and signed 1968 nuclear non-proliferation

treaty

(Musings On Iraq Why Did Saddam Threaten Israel Before The 1990 Invasion of Kuwait?)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq in Wartime, Soldiering, Martyrdom, and Remembrance)

1991 Saddam declared that Kurdish and Shiite rebellions were crushed following Gulf War

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq interview with National Univ of Singapore’s Fanar Haddad on the Impact of the 1991 Uprising)

(Musings On Iraq Remembering The 1991 Uprising In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Saddam’s View of Iraq’s 1991 Uprising)

(Musings On Iraq When The US Helped Start A Rebellion In Iraq That It Didn’t Want)

1991 Saddam article on 91 uprising Said south Shiites from marshes were isolated backwards unable

to integrate into Iraq Said Kurds were the same Said southern Shiites were criminal deviants If they ever came into power would destroy Iraq 

1991 Bush authorized airdrops of supplies to Kurds

1991 UN Resolution 688 condemned Saddam’s repression of its civilian population

1991 Some displaced Kurds began leaving mountains after govt appealed to them while Turkey let

80,000 into country

2002 PM Blair gave TV interview saying Saddam needed to go

2002 PM Blair and Bush met and talked about using UN inspections to pressure Saddam

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Section 3.2 Development of UK Iraq Strategy and Options, January to April 2002 – “Axis of Evil” to Crawford)

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2003 US 3rd Inf Div launched Thunder Run into Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

2003 US air strike in Basra attempted to kill Chemical Ali Missed Killed 17 civilians Most in Basra

believed Ali died

2003 National Intel Comm memo said docs claiming Iraq-Niger uranium purchase were fakes and 2002

report on deal was not credible

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2003 Sec State Powell said he was sure Iraq’s WMD would be found

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

(Musings On Iraq review Hoodwinked, The Documents That Reveal How Bush Sold Us a War)

(Musings On Iraq review What Happened, Inside the Bush White House and Washington’s Culture of Deception)

2003 DIA task force said Baathists made plans for an insurgency with help of jihadists Would later prove

false 

(Musings On Iraq Did Saddam Plan The Insurgency In Iraq?)

(Musings On Iraq review The U.S. Army In The Iraq War: Volume 1, Invasion, Insurgency, Civil

War, 2003-2006)

2004 Marines tried to cordon off as much of Fallujah as possible at start of Op Vigilant Resolve

(Musings On Iraq US Army History Of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 12 Things Fall Apart Apr 2004)

(Musings On Iraq review No True Glory, A Frontline Account of the Battle for Fallujah)

2004 2nd Iraqi National Guard Battalion sent to Fallujah Attacked in traffic on trip there 28 deserted When

got to base more said they refused to fight and dismissed Total 106 of 695 soldiers deserted and 104 dismissed

(Musings On Iraq review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)

2004 Mahdi Army occupied Basra governor’s office

2004 Spanish cmdr Gen Coll started talks with Sadr Appointed Badr commander governor of Najaf Bremer

ordered stop to Coll’s moves

2004 Bremer called Sadr an outlaw and promised to put down his revolt

(Musings On Iraq review Squandered Victory, The American Occupation And the Bungled Effort to Bring Democracy to Iraq)

2004 CPA announced Iraqi judge issued arrest warrant for Sadr for murder of Khoei

2004 CPA official Kosnett Spanish cmdr Gen Coll Multi-national division cmdr Gen Bieniek pushed for

political solution to Sadr uprising

2004 Bremer met with Iraqi Governing Council It did not want to confront Sadr Justice Min wanted to give

concessions Def Min Allawi wanted to fight insurgents and leave Sadr alone Some said Sadr just wanted positions in govt but Bremer opposed

2004 Zarqawi recording released calling for more attacks upon US led Coalition and Shiites

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

(Musings On Iraq review The ISIS Reader, Milestone Texts of the Islamic State Movement)

(Musings On Iraq review Insurgent Iraq, Al Zarqawi and the New Generation) 

2004 Bremer referred INC officials to criminal court for illegally recycling old dinars that were supposed

to be destroyed Attempting to obtain state property via Finance Min and sell it Kidnapping and attacking rivals

(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector Gen for Iraq Reconstruction Bowen on corruption in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with fmr anti-graft official Vincent Foulk on corruption in Iraq)

2006 Iraqi parties chose Maliki to be new PM over keeping PM Jaafari

2007 Islamic Army condemned ISI for imposing Islamic law and attacking other insurgent groups Also

attacking civilians and stealing women Forced women to cover themselves Banned satellite TV

(Musings On Iraq The Demise But Not Death of Al Qaeda In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2007 Al Qaeda told Ansar al-Sunnah that its complaints about ISI were unbelievable and it was still

under Al Qaeda’s leadership

2007 Pentagon Insp Gen report on fmr Dep Undersec of Def Feith’s Counterterrorism Task Force Feith’s

office claimed active Iraq-Al Qaeda ties CIA and DIA found no such ties Insp Gen said Feith’s work inappropriate Said postwar interviews found no Iraq-Al Qaeda relationship

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

2008 Meeting of ruling parties decided to back PM Maliki in Charge of Knights and criticized Sadr

2008 PM Maliki called on all political parties to disband their militias or they might get banned from

politics

2008 ISF and US forces cordoned off Sadr City as fighting continued between Mahdi Army and US

(Musings On Iraq review Death of the Mehdi Army, The Rise, Fall, and Revival of Iraq’s Most Powerful Militia)

2008 Iran’s Gen Suleimani met Pres Talabani and promised to stop arming militias Said Sadr was

uncontrollable

(Musings On Iraq Iranian Revolutionary Guards’ Commander General Suleimani And His Role In Iraq, An Interview With The New Yorker’s Dexter Filkins)

2008 British sent military trainers to Basra to help ISF during Charge of Knights op against Mahdi Army

2008 Fmr Under Sec of Def Doug Feith claimed US invasion of Iraq prevented next terrorist attack on US

2009 Basra Gov Waeli escaped IED probably done by Special Groups or Mahdi Army

2010 World Bank gave $250 mil loan to Iraq to help with budget

2010 UNAMI held meeting between Hadbaa and Kurdish Alliance in Ninewa to try to repair relations

(Musings On Iraq Tit For Tat In Ninewa)

(Musings On Iraq Arab-Kurdish Divide Over New Ninewa Provincial Council)

2011 Speaker Nujafi said parliament would work with provinces to deal with detainees in response to

protests

2011 PM Maliki said ministries could reform in 100 days to respond to protests Didn’t happen

2011 Govt talks with 5 insurgent groups broke down

2011 Islamic Union and Islamic Group in KRG called for govt to step down and interim one formed to

carry out reforms due to protests

(Musings On Iraq interview with journalist Wladimir Van Wilgenburg on 2011 KRG protests)

2012 Report US Amb Jeffrey met with PM Maliki 9 times since start of year to try to mediate Baghdad vs

Irbil argument

2012 New KRG cabinet under Premier Nechirvan Barzani sworn in Opposition boycotted ceremony

2012 Pres Barzani said Iraq could become a dictatorship again due to PM Maliki

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Inside Iraqi Politics’ Sowell on whether Maliki became a dictator)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Historian Phebe Marr comparing PM Maliki with MP Said)

2012 Report Shell was considered singing oil deal with KRG but backed out after decided to focus on

Basra Major oil companies more interested in KRG due to problems with Baghdad including red tape infrastructure bottlenecks

2013 Iran delivered bodies of Iraqi militiamen killed fighting for it in Syria

2013 National Alliance delegation went to KRG to try to end Kurds boycott of govt over budget

(Musings On Iraq What’s To Gain From the Kurdish Alliance’s Boycott Of Iraq’s Government?)

2013 PM Maliki said he was open to better ties with Turkey which US had been pushing

2013 Iraq threatened legal action against Turkey for oil deals with Kurdistan

2013 1st shipment of Kurdish oil sold on international market

2013 PM Maliki said he would form a majority govt and not follow sectarian quotas anymore

2014 25 families fled Jurf al-Sakhr, Babil as ISIS moved into area from Anbar

2014 Sadrists began campaign for national elections calling for majority govt and end to sectarian quotas

2015 Tribes claimed 400 buildings burned in Tikrit after liberation Human Rights Watch found

evidence of 75 houses destroyed in Qadisiya neighborhood of Tikrit since it was freed

(Musings On Iraq Divisions Over Iraq War Exposed In Victory In Tikrit)

2015 Iraqi military spokesman said some Hashd took part in looting in Tikrit Said they were undermining

the victory

2015 Speaker Jabouri said there was looting in Tikrit Sadr called for end of looting in Tikrit

2015 KDP arrested Haider Sesho in Sinjar for forming his own militia and siding with Baghdad

2015 President and VPs said that tribes in Anbar and Ninewa should be armed to fight IS

2016 Supreme Council said Abadi’s technocratic cabinet was not serious move

(Musings On Iraq interview with Reidar Visser on PM Abadi’s reform program)

(Musings On Iraq Complaints About Iraq PM Abadi Undermine His Cabinet Reshuffle)

2016 Sadrists complained ruling parties not supporting reforms even though public had called for them

via protests

(Musings On Iraq interview with Cambridge’s Michael Clark on Sadr, protests and PM Abadi’s reforms)

2016 Report Kurdish official said security deteriorating in Tuz Kharmato due to Turkmen Hashd

killings and kidnappings

2017 Iraqi air force dropped leaflets over west Mosul again telling civilians to stay in their homes

during battle to free city

(Musings On Iraq Mosul Campaign Day 170-171, Apr 4-5, 2017)

2017 Head of Ninewa Ops Command said Iraqis using fewer aristrikes in west Mosul due to civilian

casualties

2017 Civil Defense officer said 278 bodies had been taken from building hit by US air strike in west

Mosul Spokesman for Golden Div said only 61 bodies had been recovered Defense Min claimed air strike not responsible

(Musings On Iraq Mosul Campaign Day 172-173, Apr 6-7, 2017)

2017 Report Hashd loyal to Ayatollah Sistani told to do social work Removing mines leftover from Iran-Iraq War tutoring students rebuilding school Helped rebuild Tikrit Univ Hashd leader Abu Muhandis tried to cut off pay to 1 of them Al Abbas Div for not following his orders

2018 Comm to Protect Journalists said 15 reporters assaulted 7 arrested for covering protests in KRG

2018 Pres Masum asked Turkey to withdrew its forces from Iraq Didn’t happen

2020 Report Nov 2018 US sanctioned Mohammed Abd al-Hadi Farhat of Lebanon Accused

of advising Hashd for Hezbollah Worked with Iranian Rev Guards Involved in money laundering for Iran in Iraq

2020 Female activist assassinated insider her house in Dhi Qar Came after 2 days of clashes

between protests and ISF that killed 3 protesters

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