Friday, April 22, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 22


1915 Lord Curzon asked why British should promise Basra and Baghdad vilayets to Arabs if they were

fighting on Ottoman side

1916 British defeated in 2nd Battle of Sannaiyat by Kut British suffered 1,283 casualties Setback in

attempting to relieve siege at Kut

1916 UK Gen Lake wrote Sir Beauchamp Duff Said British suffered 23,000 casualties in Mesopotamia since

start of 1916

1920 Meeting of Baghdad and mid-Euphrates branches of nationalist group Haras al-Istiqlal Told

Ayatollah Shirazi of Karbala rejected UK rule Mid-Euphrates branches were willing to take up arms against the UK

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1923 British troops occupied Rowanduz in military campaign to subdue Kurds opposed to being

included in new Iraq Mandate

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

1931 Commemorated as founding date of Royal Iraqi Air Force

(Musings On Iraq review Wings of Iraq, Volume 1: The Iraqi Air Force, 1931-1970)

1932 Royal Iraqi Air Force bombed Barzanji rebels in Kifri and Khanaqin

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

1959 100,000 Communists marched Demanded role in Qasim govt

(Musings On Iraq review The Making of Iraq 1900-1963, Capital, Power and Ideology)

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)

1969 After Shah ended 1937 border treaty with Iraq Iran sailed ship down Shatt al Arab waterway in

violation of treaty Iraq retaliated by expelling 10,000 Iranians

1980 Khomeini revealed that Ayatollah Baqir al-Sadr had been executed and called for overthrow of


(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review Muqtada, Muqtada Al-Sadr, The Shia Revival, And The Struggle For Iraq)

1991 Report that Iranian intel and Revolutionary Guard working in Iraq to help revolts

(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)

(Musings On Iraq review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)

1991 Report Bush decided on maintaining sanctions hoping they would lead to overthrow of


(Musings On Iraq review Neighbors, Not Friends, Iraq And Iran After The Gulf Wars)

(Musings On Iraq review Invisible War, The United States And The Iraq Sanctions)

1991 Report Saudis were holding Iraqi POWs from Gulf War to try to create opposition group out of


1998 Foreign Min Aziz letter to UN Said inspectors ignored last 7 yrs of progress Said intrusive inspections

work of US to create justification for US military strike

(Musings On Iraq review Neighbors, Not Friends, Iraq And Iran After The Gulf Wars)

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2003 ORHA head Garner went to KRG to talk with Barzani and Talabani about interim Iraqi govt

(Musings On Iraq US Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 5 We’re Here, Now What?)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq review The Endgame, The Inside Story of the Struggle for Iraq, from

George W. Bush to Barack Obama)

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

2003 Barzani and Talabani suggested group of Iraqi advisers to help Garner rather than interim Iraqi govt

2003 UnderSecDef Feith wrote that idea of creating a transitional Iraqi authority was not going well

2003 Sadrists held second day of protests after its cleric Fartusi was arrested by US

2003 Only 10% of Baghdad’s electricity restored since city fell to US forces

2003 US sent 1000 more experts to look for Iraq’s WMD

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

2003 Chief UN inspector Blix told BBC US tried to discredit inspections at the Security Council

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2003 UK general warned that British military not trained for postwar operations called for in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2003 NYTimes’ Miller told PBS NewsHour US found info on Iraq’s WMD Had destroyed stocks right

before invasion Fooled UN inspectors False story

2004 Bremer said some Baathist officials would be able to return to their jobs

2004 After no real weapons turned over by insurgents in Fallujah Gen Conway said militants had days to

do so or city would be attacked again

(Musings On Iraq review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)

2006 Pres Talabani asked Maliki to form new govt

(Musings On Iraq interview with Reuters’ Parker on Maliki’s biography)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Inside Iraqi Politics’ Sowell on whether Maliki became a dictator)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Historian Phebe Marr comparing PM Maliki with MP Said)

2006 US Iraq cmdr Gen Casey’s intel dir told him violence had shifted from Sunnis attempting to derail

politics and fight occupation to competition between sectarian groups for power

(Musings On Iraq US Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 19 The Iraqi Civil War Comes Into The Open, January-June 2006)

2007 ISI stopped bus and took 23 Yazidis off and executed them in Bashiqa, Ninewa

2008 PM Maliki promised $150 mil to rebuild Sadr City after fighting Mahdi Army was over Money was

mostly stolen by Dawa members or given out in patronage networks to win support for Maliki

2008 Female suicide bomber attacked Baquba police station

(Musings On Iraq The Rise of Female Suicide Bombers)

(Musings On Iraq Motivations Behind Female Suicide Bombers)

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2009 16 Kurdish towns in Ninewa threatened to not cooperate with new Hadbaa run Ninewa council

calling it Baathist

(Musings On Iraq Tit For Tat In Ninewa)

(Musings On Iraq Arab-Kurdish Divide Over New Ninewa Provincial Council)

2010 Parliamentary election results were supposed to be certified but political disputes delayed that

2011 Protests in Baghdad and Mosul Called for release of prisoners better services fighting corruption US

withdrawal ISF broke up protest in Mosul

(Musings On Iraq Continued Protests At Tahir Square In Baghdad, Iraq)

2011 Sadr announced new social organizing project Munasiroon in Basra

2012 Attack on Najaf offices of Ayatollah Fayadh in wave of attacks against Iraq’s top clerics

2012 Turkey’s Erdogan compared PM Maliki to Saddam

2012 2 leaders from ISCI and Sadrists said they were not in talks with other parties for no confidence vote

vs PM Maliki ISCI said it stood behind Maliki

2013 Tigris Ops Command stopped parliamentary delegation from visiting Hawija protest site after

checkpoint attacked

2014 Pres Barzani threatened independence of Kurdistan if oil dispute with Baghdad

continued Said PUK wouldn’t get KRG Interior Min Should settle for VP Said KDP had good relations with PKK Claimed 2006 he rejected a US-Turkish plan to root out PKK bases in KRG Blamed PKK for failure of Kurdish National Congress in 2013 in Syria KDP never had good relations with PKK

2015 Day after IS attacked Sahl al-Malih, Ninewa Peshmerga expelled Arab residents, looted and burned


2016 Report IS on the retreat Last major gain May 2015 when took Ramadi Lost footholds in

Diyala and Babil Tikrit Baiji Ramadi Kubaisa liberated Failing at recruiting many new fighters IS has been increasing fees to make up for financial loses 

2017 Gorran and PUK joint statement Said KRG independence referendum had to be approved by

KRG parliament Had been closed since 2015 KDP rejected idea

(Musings On Iraq review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

2017 Hashd unit raided PUK Peshmerga HQ in Bartella Ninewa Took down Kurdish flag

2017 House with 90 people in it hit by airstrike in Mosul 88 trapped in rubble IS had used house 3-

4 days before 2 houses hit by rockets by ISF IS were in house next door

2018 IS released recording Said Sunnis should not vote Said would attack polling stations during election

2019 Integrity Commission found $64 mil for rebuilding in Mosul stolen by Ninewa


(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector Gen for Iraq Reconstruction Bowen on corruption in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with fmr anti-graft official Vincent Foulk on corruption in Iraq)

2019 Report Iraq becoming more dependent upon Iranian electricity and natural gas

imports Had no alternatives

2019 Report Feb Ninewa official said all displaced had returned to Baaj dist Then said they

had all been displaced again Hashd blocked all returns Locals said 30 towns around Tal Afar had been abandoned over last 10 months due to IS attacks

2020 4 pro-Najaf Hashd brigades sent letter to Hashd Commission head Falah Fayad Said

they would now be under Commander in Chief Said had blessing of religious establishment

(Musings On Iraq Resigned PM Abdul Mahdi Doesn’t Accept Units Leaving Hashd Commission)

2021 Report Kataib Hezbollah and Asaib Ahl Al-Haq created new groups and posted them on

Telegram to carry out attacks upon US targets in Iraq Mar 2020-March 2021 26 new groups appeared Used Telegram and Sabereen News to publicize groups and attacks

(Musings On Iraq Instrument Of Iran’s Power In Iraq And Syria Kataib Hezbollah)

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2021 PM Kazemi cancelled 1,128 projects Said any project with 0-35% completion rate or missed

deadlines would be stopped

View the Iraq History Timelines 

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This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 21 Coalition Provisional Authority created to run post-war Iraq

  1802 Wahabi army from Arabia sacked Karbala 2,000-5,000 killed