Wednesday, January 11, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 11 Mongol siege of Baghdad began Would kill entire population of city



1258 Mongols began siege of Baghdad Would eventually kill the entire population of the


1917 Start of Battle of Hai salient between British and Ottomans

1935 Leading Shiite cleric Ghita called tribal conference in Najaf Said would only push

reforms after PM Ayubi Jawadat removed Was only goal of Sheikh Wahid who led revolt Angry at PM for keeping him out of parliament

1948 PM Jabr announced 1930 Anglo-Iraq Treaty cancelled and new one would be signed

1972 Kurds started rebellion against govt with support of US, Iran, Israel

(Musings On Iraq Pres Bakr, Saddam, And Iraq’s Kurds Before The Anfal Campaign)

(Musings On Iraq When The Shah and Nixon Manipulated The Kurds)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review Killing Hope, U.S. Military and CIA Interventions Since World War II)

(Musings On Iraq review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq & the Kurdish Question, 1958-70)

1991 Saddam told Islamic conference US had all the advanced weapons but Iraq had

experience fighting

1991 UN Sec Gen De Cuellar went to Iraq Said US blocked an Arab solution to Kuwait but

that didn’t include withdrawal from Kuwait Made De Cuellar wait for 2 days and go through other meetings before he could meet Saddam

1999 Newsweek report Iraq and Al Qaeda had meetings

2003 UK naval task force left for Persian Gulf for Iraq invasion

2003 Sec Def Rumsfeld and Joint Chiefs head Gen Myers met Saudi Amb to US Bandar to

get Saudi support for invasion Bandar told Rumsfeld and Gen Myers he needed Bush’s word to get Saudi support

2003 Bush met with Saudi Amb Prince Sultan Told him he had decided to take on Saddam

2003 CIA report Iraqi missile brigade outside Baghdad given missiles to hide from UN

inspectors some with WMD agents Report used in Sec State Powell’s Feb 03 UN speech Was false

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2003 Turkey sent note to Saddam Said last opportunity to avoid war and he should comply

with UN resolutions Saddam said Turkey should persuade US to backdown

2004 Ayatollah Sistani rejected CPA’s plans for transition to Iraqi sovereignty and


(Musings On Iraq The Coalition Provisional Authority’s Inauspicious End)

(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)

(Musings On Iraq review Patriotic Ayatollahs, Nationalism In Post-Saddam Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Squandered Victory, The American Occupation And the Bungled Effort to Bring Democracy to Iraq)

2004 PM Blair told BBC he didn’t know whether he was wrong or not about Iraq’s WMD

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2004 Kurdish party headquarters bombed in Kirkuk city

2004 Fmr Treasury Sec O’Neill said Bush admin was focused upon Saddam from when it

entered office Jan 2001

(Musings On Iraq review The Price of Loyalty)

2004 Mahdi Army kidnapped policeman in Najaf Took him to secret prison then religious

court Bremer said prison and court had to be ended but both were near Najaf shrine which was off limits to US forces

2006 Supreme Council head Hakim ruled out any substantive changes to Iraqi constitution

Blamed US and Sunni parties for insurgency claiming they encouraged terrorism

(Musings On Iraq history of Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq)

2006 Spanish police broke up recruiting network that raised money and sent fighters to Iraq

in coordination with Al Qaeda in Iraq

2007 Sec State Rice announced provincial reconstruction teams to head new US civilian effort to rebuild

Iraq’s govt economy and civil society to aid Surge

(Musings On Iraq How The Civilian Surge In Iraq Didn’t Quite Meet Its Mark)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Savage on US reconstruction effort in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Reconstructing Iraq’s Budgetary Institutions)

2007 US arrested 5 Iranian Quds Force operatives in Irbil as part of new US crackdown Were

trying to arrest Jafari deputy head of Iran’s NSC and Gen Frouzanda head of IRGC intelligence Sec State Rice warned Iran and Syria to stop destabilizing Iraq

(Musings On Iraq 5 Revolutionary Guards Members Let Go By U.S.)

(Musings On Iraq Iranians Planned Kidnapping And Held British Captives Taken In Iraq) 

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)

(Musings On Iraq review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)

2007 KRG complained about US raid on IRGC members in Irbil Jafari and Frouzanda had

invitations from Pres Talabani and were to meet Pres Barzani

2007 Joint Chief head Gen Pace accused Iran of sending weapons to Iraq that were killing US


(Musings On Iraq A History Of Iranian Weapons Shipments To Iraq Interview With Arkenstone Blog’s Galen Wright)

2007 Dawa and ISCI MPs voiced opposition to US troop Surge

2008 Report Unpublished UN paper said 1000s detained in KRG for political crimes Govt

contracts given to political allies and friends in patronage networks

2008 Report Contracts in KRG often given to relatives to KDP-PUK officials Passed through

series of companies each one taking a cut

(Musings On Iraq Corruption and Reporting in Kurdistan)

2009 KRG Pres Barzani interview Said PM Maliki becoming authoritarian Said power corrupts

and turned people into autocrats Claimed Maliki trying to remove Kurdish officers in ISF

2010 US general said 10,000 Sahwa had gotten jobs in ISF and 30,000 were employed in

ministries Left 78,000 unintegrated

(Musings On Iraq More Sons of Iraq Integrated While Others Walk Off The Job In Diyala)

(Musings On Iraq How Many Sons of Iraq Have Actually Been Integrated By Baghdad?)

(Musings On Iraq Continued Problems Integrating The Sons of Iraq)

2011 Report US military said security incidents went from 11,203 in 2009 to 8,233 in 2010 Said fewest

incidents since 2003 2007 had the most at 67,727

2011 State of Law head of Baghdad council wrote law banning alcohol sales in province

under Islamic Law Police started raiding bars and clubs selling alcohol including Iraqi Writers Union

(Musings On Iraq Is Iraq’s Dawa Party Returning To Their Islamic Roots Or Just Trying To Shore Up Their Base? Attempts To Ban Alcohol, Set Public Dress Codes, And Attack Emos And Gays Raise The Question)

2011 Dep head of KDP said party would drop all lawsuits against journalists who criticized party KDP

just filed $1 bil lawsuit against KRG paper that said KDP and PUK were smuggling oil to Iran Didn’t happen

2012 Dep PM Mutlaq called PM Maliki a dictator 2nd time

2013 Report Dec 2012 Finance Min Issawi’s bodyguards arrested Started protests in Anbar that spread

to Salahaddin Ninewa Govts in those provinces said they supported protests Jan 2013 PM Maliki began organizing pro-govt demonstrations ISF used to block some protests

2013 Maliki govt said it would seize KRG oil exports and sue companies involved Baghdad said it was

only one that had authority to export oil

2013 Dozen prisoners escaped from Taji prison in Baghdad including ISI members

2016 After suicide bombing at café Hashd killed Sunnis burned mosques shops and homes

in Muqdadiya for several days Badr and Asaib Ahl Al-Haq blamed

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Diyala Province Explodes In Sectarian Violence After Islamic State Bombing)

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2016 Teachers judicial workers went on strike in Sulaymaniya and Halabja for not being paid

KRG hadn’t paid govt workers for 4-5 months

2017 Pres Barzani said committee would be formed to decide future of disputed areas Also

independence referendum would be held

2018 Kurdistan Journalists Syndicate said 137 violations against journalists in KRG in 2017 3

attempted assassinations of 4 journalists 2 killed 1 committed suicide 30 arrested 39 beaten 19 got threats 2 stations burned 5 stations looted

2018 Alliances for 2018 parliamentary elections announced Nishtiman 3 Kurdish opposition

parties Abadi Nasr list with ISCI Sunni alliances Speaker Jabouri VP Allawi Mutlaq led one VP Nujafi Jamal Karbuli Khamis Khanjar the other 20 pro-Iran Hashd led by Badr’s Amiri formed Fatah Hakim’s Hikmat and Sadr along with Communists ran separately

(Musings On Iraq Alliances Announced For Iraq’s 2018 Elections)

(Musings On Iraq interview with IRIS-Chatham House’s Mansour on 2018 elections)

2020 Trump threatened to freeze Iraq’s $35 bil in oil revenues deposited in US bank if

Baghdad forced US troops to leave

(Musings On Iraq US Increases Threats Against Iraq If It Forces US Troops To Leave)

2020 Protester killed in Karbala in clash with security forces

2021 1000s protested in Baghdad Called for reforms jobs ending corruption ISF closed protest

square in Dhi Qar

2021 Australian police charged 2nd oil executive for paying $78 mil in bribes in Iraq to get

contracts Was executive from Leighton Holdings

2022 State of Law and Kataib Hezbollah threatened bloodshed and hard days for the country

if the Shiite parties were split meaning Sadr went ahead with a majority government and excluded the two parties and other rivals Two days later attacks began on Sadr’s allies

(Musings On Iraq Coordination Framework Turns To Courts And Violence To Form New Govt)

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Review The Political Economy of Iraq, Restoring Balance in a Post-Conflict Society

Gunter, Frank, The Political Economy of Iraq, Restoring Balance in a Post-Conflict Society , Cheltenham, Northhampton: Edward Elgar, 2013 ...