Friday, January 27, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 27 300-400 killed by police protesting against Anglo-Iraq Treaty

(Belfer Center)


1925 League of Nations Commission on Mosul arrived in province to protests Was to

determine who would get Mosul Iraq or Turkey Commission interviewed hundreds of locals and mapped economy land trade routes ethnicities

(Musings On Iraq review The Modern History of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq How The Ottoman Province Of Mosul Became Part Of Iraq)

1948 Communists called for more protests against Anglo-Iraq Treaty to try to topple govt

Police opened fire in Baghdad 300-400 killed and wounded Dep PM Baban 2 ministers Speaker of parliament 30 MPs resigned Part of Wathba/Great Leap

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq A History Of The Iraqi Communist Party Interview With Univ of East Anglia’s Johan Franzen)

1948 Opposition called for end of Anglo-Iraq Treaty Dissolution of Parliament New

elections PM Jabr to resign

1948 Regent demanded PM Jabr resign Regent made radio broadcast calling for calm

Angered Shiites in Amara and Basra who felt PM brought down by Sunnis 1st time PM brought down by protests

1955 Radio Cairo called on King Faisal II to withdraw Iraq from Iraq-Turkey security

agreement Accused PM Said of turning over Iraq to Israel and imperialists

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Under General Nuri, My Recollections of Nuri al-Said, 1954-1958)

1969 14 hung in Baghdad after show trial over alleged Israeli spy ring uncovered by Saddam

9 were Jews Bakr govt declared execution day a national holiday and bused in people from around the country to watch After executions Bakr and other Baath leaders gave speeches to crowd against Zionist threat

1981 In response to demands from Iraq that it had lost air superiority to Iran at start of Iran-

Iraq War France started shipping first Mirage fighters secretly using planes painted in Jordanian colors

(Musings On Iraq review Iraqi Mirages, The Dassault Mirage Family In Service With The Iraqi Air Force, 1981-1988)

1983 Saddam rejected offer by Iran to discuss 7 disputed areas but said was ready to talk

about ceasefire in war

1985 Iraq launched 1st large offensive in 2 yrs to try to take back Majnoon Islands Deployed

2 corps Iraq gained bridgehead on island but Iranian reinforcements defeated operation Start of Iraqi attacks to try to take back initiative in war

1987 Iran launched 4th attack in Op Karbala 5 in Basra

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1998 Head UN inspector Butler quoted in NYTimes Said Iraq had enough biological

weapons and missiles to “blow away” Tel Aviv

1998 UN chief Annan demanded head UN inspector Butler apologize for NYTimes interview

which he did

2002 Gen Franks briefed Sec Def Rumsfeld on latest war plan Said Iraqi military degraded

by sanctions Wanted info campaign vs Iraq to start Franks claimed the more the US got involved against Saddam the less Iraqi people would support regime Franks had cut war plan to 150 days down from 7 months and 245,000 troops Franks wanted to cut timeline for war down to even less time

(Musings On Iraq review Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign

Policy Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq US Army History Of Iraq Vol 1 – Chapter 2 Regime Change)

2003 Bush asked Sec State Powell to make presentation at UN to make case against Iraq

2003 Head UN inspector Blix told Security Council that Iraq cooperating with inspections

but had not accepted disarmament Blix asked what undeclared WMD items did Iraq have Asked did it illegally produce anything after 98 Blix said Iraq’s Dec WMD declaration had provided no new info and not answered questions about Iraq’s production of anthrax VX gas and WMD bombs from Iran-Iraq War

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2003 IAEA head El Baradei told Security Council IAEA had found no evidence of an active

nuclear program in Iraq Said aluminum tubes Iraq tried to buy were probably for rockets not nukes

(Musings On Iraq How A Contested Aluminum Tubes Story Became The Basis For War With Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Created An Iraqi Nuclear Threat In 2002)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2003 Sec State Powell said Iraq was hiding its WMD

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

(Musings On Iraq review What Happened, Inside the Bush White House and Washington’s Culture of Deception)

2003 US intelligence said Blix would back off next declaration to UN on inspections

because didn't want to start war

2003 Some in White House believed Blix lying about inspections and could not be trusted

2003 Bush believed US stuck in inspection process and pushed him towards war

2003 CIA report said Iraq tried to buy uranium from Niger in 1999 Said was uranium in

warehouse in Benin but was going to France not Iraq Niger story fake

2003 CIA Dir Tenet given copy of Bush’s State of the Union address that included claim that

Iraq tried to buy uranium from Niger Tenet didn’t read speech Niger story fake

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

2003 CIA Berlin chief said that Iraqi defector CURVEBALL was considered a problem by

Germans and they hadn’t confirmed any of his story of mobile WMD labs Said serious problem using Curveball’s story

(Musings On Iraq How Iraqi Defector CURVEBALL Became Basis For US Claim That Iraq Had WMD)

(Musings On Iraq Look Who The LA Times Dug Up – CURVEBALL)

(Musings On Iraq Story of CURVEBALL And Iraq’s Mobile Biological Weapons Labs)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

(Musings On Iraq review Curveball, Spies, Lies, And The Con Man Who Caused A War)

2003 ORHA began contracting for supplies and personnel for post-war Iraq 2 months before


(Musings On Iraq on Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 3 The Department of Defense Takes Charge)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign

Policy Tragedy)

2003 William Safire in NYTimes said Zarqawi went to Baghdad Then to Kurdistan to Ansar

al-Islam proving Iraq-Al Qaeda link

(Musings On Iraq The Rise And Rebirth Of The Islamic State Interview With Author Michael Weiss)

(Musings On Iraq Why Didn’t Bush Strike Zarqawi And Ansar al-Islam In 2002?)

(Musings On Iraq review Insurgent Iraq, Al Zarqawi and the New Generation)

(Musings On Iraq review The Master Plan, ISIS, Al-Qaeda, and the Jihadi Strategy For Final Victory)

2004 Ex-IraqSurveyGroup head Kay Iraq told UN in 1995 it had destroyed WMD and nuke

program but no one believed them

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

2005 Insurgents blew up school in Baghdad going to be used as polling station in Jan 05 vote

Videotaped execution of Iraqiya candidate Meant to intimidate voters

2006 Report shifting US reconstruction money to security meant 60% of water and 125

electricity projects would not be finished

2007 Report more than 800 had volunteered for Anbar police due to Awakening in Dec 2006

Fmr Anbar Gov Gaood MP Salah al-Mutlaq both said they opposed Awakening

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq review Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)

(Musings On Iraq review The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)

(Musings On Iraq review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

2008 Of roughly 100,000 Sahwa 9,000 were signed and screened to join the ISF Was far

below what govt promised

(Musings On Iraq What’s In The Future For The Sons of Iraq?)

(Musings On Iraq review Surge, My Journey with General David Petraeus and the Remaking of the Iraq War)

2010 US CENTCOM cmdr Gen Petraeus said Accountability and Justice Comm was working

for Iranian Rev Guards Quds Force Commission accused Petraeus of working with Baathists

(Musings On Iraq Is The Iranian Revolutionary Guard Too Distracted By Internal Affairs To Be Meddling In Iraq Right Now?)

(Musings On Iraq Timeline of Iraq’s De-Baathification Campaign)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Shiite Parties Turn To Blaming America Before The March Elections)

2010 UN reported 167,740 displaced and 37,090 refugees had returned to home areas in

2009 Was down from 2008 figures 2009 Maliki govt tried to end displacement/refugee crisis but failed due to lack of policy

(Musings On Iraq 2009 Numbers On Displaced and Refugee Returns To Iraq)

2010 Report Chilcot Inquiry found that Foreign Secretary Straw told PM Blair regime change

not justification for Iraq war Needed new U.N. resolution Foreign Office legal advisor told Straw Iraq war would not be legal without 2nd resolution Attorney Gen Lord Goldsmith initially said 2nd resolution needed

2010 Fmr Attorney Gen Lord Goldsmith told Chilcot Inquiry that Foreign Sec Straw

convinced him Iraq war legal in Feb 03 1st Goldsmith said 2nd UN resolution needed to make war legal Feb 03 Goldsmith said war legal with just UN Res 1441

2011 Report Water at Mosul Dam lowest since 1984 Stopped electricity production at dam ½ the water came

from Turkey rest of Iraq’s mountains Turkey built dam that cut water supply Haditha Dam operating at ½ capacity because of water shortages caused by Turkish dam

2012 Bombing of Shiite funeral left over 90 casualties

(Musings On Iraq review The ISIS Reader, Milestone Texts of the Islamic State Movement)

2012 Report Maliki govt still not interested in integrating sahwa Supposed to be integrated end of 2009 Sahwa

said turned down for jobs because Sunni Targeted by insurgents

2012 Basra Gas Company that was in joint venture with Shell and Mitsubishi said planned to produce

1.4 mil cubic meters of natural gas/day in 2012 Didn’t happen

2013 Report Oil Min Luaibi told Exxon it had to choose between working in southern Iraq or KRG Said

KRG oil deals were illegal Exxon’s CEO met with PM Maliki and Pres Barzani

2014 Report Obama said IS was a jayvee basketball team

2014 Report Anbar Health Dept said 650 civilians and ISF casualties since fighting began in Anbar in Dec

2013 Member of Anbar security comm said 140,000 fled province

2016 Teachers in 25 schools in Choman and Soran KRG went on strike over govt not paying salaries

2017 Hashd spokesman from Asaib Ahl Al-Haq threatened to attack Peshmerga if didn’t withdraw from

all areas it freed in Ninewa Said Peshmerga had to follow agreement made with PM Abadi Said Peshmerga could be removed which would be easier than fighting IS

2020 Pro-Iran groups fired rockets at US Embassy in Baghdad Wounded 1-3 people Asst Dep

head of Hashd Comm said Hashd had nothing to do with attack Kataib Hezbollah said not right time to attack U.S. Badr’s Amiri said attacks might stop US from withdrawing Asaib Ahl Al-Haq spokesman said not responsible

(Musings On Iraq Tit For Tat Between U.S. and Pro-Iran Hashd Continues)

2020 IS spokesman Qurayshi released speech Said IS needed patience and would endure despite


2020 ISF said that unknown group attacked protesters on Jan 26 Claimed police clashed with an

armed group Power was turned off at protest square in Nasiriya and then attacked Was done by police

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

2020 Dhi Qar protest site attacked by gunmen in trucks Burned tents 2 protesters killed

Demonstrators burned house of councilman in Dhi Qar Police shot at protesters to break up protest in Karbala

2021 Electricity supply down in all provinces due to Iran stopping natural gas supplies end of 2020

Caused power production in Iraq to drop by 1/3 IS was attacking infrastructure Blew up power lines in Diyala Ninew Salahaddin Anbar that cut power in Ninewa Salahaddin Kirkuk Diyala

2022 Report Speaker Halbusi’s house in Anbar hit by rockets Came after campaign started accusing

Halbusi of being connected to IS Also claimed Halbusi was for relations with Israel Part of campaign by Coordination Framework to intimidate Sadr’s allies while forming govt

2022 Activist’s body found in Basra after kidnapped 2 days before Shot in head

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