Thursday, January 26, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 26 Saddam ordered most of Iraqi Air Force to fly to Iran to save it from Gulf War Never got planes back

(Medium)

 

1941 Cabinet met and decided to resign to force PM Gaylani to resign He refused PM asked

Golden Square officers to resolve dispute Regent said he could pick PM Told military to stay out of politics

1948 PM Jabr returned to Iraq from England Met with Regent Blamed Dep PM Baban for protests

against Anglo-Iraq Treaty Said Baghdad Law College should have been closed and more force used against protests

1948 PM Jabr told Regent he would resign but got 24 hrs to put down protests

1948 PM Jabr made radio broadcast Called for calm Said he would explain the new Anglo-Iraq

Treaty to public Told police to put down protests by any means

1955 Radio Cairo called on Iraqis to follow Portsmouth Treaty riots overthrow PM Said and

withdraw from Iraq-Turkey security agreement

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Under General Nuri, My Recollections of Nuri al-Said, 1954-1958)

1965 Pres Arif announced he was ending special powers given to him in May 1963

1982 Iran and Iraq agreed to family visits for prisoners of war

1987 Islamic Conference Organization invited Iran and Iraq to summit in Kuwait Iran

            said no

1987 UN Secretary General de Cuellar addressed Islamic Conference Organization

            Said aggressor in Iran-Iraq War needed to be determined

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1990 Exile groups accused Iraqi army of 2 weeks of attacks on Shiite villages in south

1991 Saddam lost confidence in Iraqi Air Force Ordered most of the fleet to be flown to

Iran in hopes that it could be saved and recovered later

(Musings On Iraq review F-15C Eagle vs MiG-23/25, Iraq 1991)

1997 Iraqi National Accord operative gave interview saying CIA behind bombing

            campaign in Iraq from 1994-95

1998 Project for New American Century sent letter to Clinton demanding US

overthrow Saddam 11 of 18 that signed letter would later join Bush administration in 2001

(Musings On Iraq review The Road to Iraq, The Making of a Neoconservative War)

(Musings On Iraq review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)

(Musings On Iraq Was Iraq An Imminent Threat To The West?)

(Musings On Iraq Overview of America’s Policy Towards Iraq: From The Clinton Years To The

Sectarian War of 2006)

1998 Chief weapons inspector Butler confirmed that Iraq had biological weapons in missile

warheads

2003 Secretary of State Powell speech asked why Iraq tried to buy uranium

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

2003 Blair said Iraq non-cooperation with UN inspectors was material breach of UN Resolution

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2004 Japanese troops deployed to Iraq as part of Coalition of Willing

2004 Report CPA officials questioned influence of Ayatollah Sistani and whether

all major CPA decisions would have to get his approval Previous company contracted by Pentagon for Iraqi news outlet couldn’t find equipment Didn’t pay Iraqi workers Made poorly produced news

(Musings On Iraq US Army History Of Iraq War Vol 1- Chapter 11 The Gathering Storm)

(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)

(Musings On Iraq review Squandered Victory, The American Occupation And the Bungled Effort to Bring Democracy to Iraq)

2005 Insurgent umbrella group announced campaign to disrupt that year’s elections

2005 US Cmdr in Iraq Gen Casey said US and Iraqi forces killing more insurgents and

taking fight to Sunni areas Casey said Iraqis couldn’t secure Iraq yet but could protect election stations

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq review The Endgame, The Inside Story of the Struggle for Iraq, from

George W. Bush to Barack Obama)

2005 Report Human Rights Watch said prisoners routinely tortured in jails Threatened into paying bribes Said Allawi govt either supported torture or didn’t care

2006 Al Qaeda sent letter to Ansar al-Sunnah suggested it merge with Al Qaeda in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2007 US arrested Sheikh Daraji Sadr’s media director in Baghdad

2007 Report Fall 06 Bush authorized killing and capturing Iranians in Iraq In 2006 US arrested dozens of

Iranians but released them Administration believed hitting Iran hard in Iraq would make it step back from its nuke program Summer 06 US officials decided to confront Iran more directly in Iraq Said Iran had to pay a price for interfering in Iraq and threatening US forces CIA Dir Hayden warned that new policy could just lead to Iranians to retaliate against US in Iraq Secretary of State Rice worried about policy escalating to direct confrontation with Iran Some officials wanted US to go after Iranian Revolutionary Guards in Iraq as much as Islamic State of Iraq

(Musings On Iraq 5 Revolutionary Guards Members Let Go By U.S.)

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)

(Musings On Iraq review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)

2007 Fmr Cheney media aide Martin said Vice President dictated talking points to his Chief

of Staff Libby to use with reporters to discredit fmr Amb Wilson on Iraq-Niger uranium story Libby was also ordered to call reporters Libby talked about ways to discredit Wilson including leaking to reporters Cheney also ordered Martin to track news stories about Wilson Martin contradicted Libby’s claim that he found out Wilson’s wife’s name from journalist Novak Wife Plame was a CIA officer Wilson claimed he found no evidence of Iraq-Niger uranium deal Claimed Cheney knew about his findings and continued to lie about it Cheney didn’t hear about Wilson’s account

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

2007 UK report Security in Basra deteriorated Basrawis lived in fear due to Mahdi Army

and other militias British and ISF not seen as reliable by public

2008 FBI agent that interviewed Saddam after capture said he never expected a US invasion Thought

Bush would only bomb Iraq Saddam considered Iran real threat

2009 Yazidi MP from Ninewa accused KDP of attacking his family after he accused Kurds in 3rd

Army division of putting up posters for Kurdish parties

2009 Report 16 Tribal Support Councils set up in Qadisiya Run by Dawa member Each member

of council able to hire up to 20 and give them govt jobs Part of patronage system for PM Maliki before 09 elections

2009 Report Late 07 and Dec 08 2 attempts at no confidence vote against PM Maliki Couldn’t

agree on who should replace him US also opposed

2009 Iran’s Foreign Min confirmed that it’s new ambassador to Iraq was a member of the Iranian

Revolutionary Guards’ Quds Force

(Musings On Iraq New Iranian Ambassador To Iraq Confirmed As Revolutionary Guards Member)

2010 Parliament passed Iraq’s budget for $72.4 bil up from last budget of $58.6 bil Largest budget

since 03 70% of spending was for govt salaries pensions food ration system services Cut salaries of top officials by 10-20% Was so large because politicians wanted to use in 2010 election

(Musings On Iraq 2010 Iraq Budget Passed)

2010 Accountability and Justice Comm claimed Election Comm asked them to review 600

candidates to see if they had Baathist connections which led to banning 511 candidates

(Musings On Iraq Timeline of Iraq’s De-Baathification Campaign)

2010 Human Rights Comm said on going abuses at Iraq’s jails/prisons due to justice system

relying upon confessions often obtained via torture Also overcrowding corruption lack of trials

(Musings On Iraq Report Of Continuing Abuse In Iraqi Prisons)

2010 Parliament’s human rights comm said violations in Iraqi prison and jails Said torture increasing

Prisoners not released unless paid bribes

2011 Insurgents caught crossing from Syria to Anbar Said they got aid from Syrian govt

(Musings On Iraq More On Syria’s Support For Iraq’s Insurgency 2011-2012)

2011 Report Dep Displacement Min said Maliki govt would come up with plan to deal with displaced

within 1 yr and improve conditions for refugees Said would end displacement in 1 yr Nothing happened

2011 NSC deputies comm met Talked about keeping residual troops in Iraq after Dec 2011 withdrawal

Gen Austin thought 20,000-24,000 US troops should stay behind Civilians at Pentagon thought 10,000-16,000 needed White House thought 8,000-16,000 should stay Didn’t happen

2012 Report 8 bodyguards of fmr MP Adnana Dulaimi ex-head of Accordance Front confessed to

carrying out terrorist attacks in Baghdad

2015 After battle with IS in Barwanah, Diyala Hashd kill 70 civilians

2015 VP Maliki met with some Hashd units Declared himself leader of the Resistance factions

2015 Report Interior Min official said Interior Min Ghaban appointed 4 Badr officers to Basra

Police chief Dir of Internal Affairs Director of customs Police Intel director Political patronage

2015 Report Diyala governor MP and 2 sheikhs accused Hashd of killing 72 civilians in Diyala

town Interior Min denied everything and said IS was spreading rumors

2015 Report Committee formed to investigate abuses by Iraqi forces in Diyala Speaker Jabouri

and VP Nujafi said they had received reports about violations Nothing happened

2015 Report ISF general said Diyala had been liberated from IS Said that entire province under

govt control It wasn’t

2015 Head of finance comm MP Ahmed Chalabi said Iraq needed to export 2.9 mbd of oil at

$40/bar just to pay govt salaries and pensions Said they cost 51 tril dinars

2016 Sadr said victories of the Iraqi army led to brazen militias Was criticizing rivals in Hashd

2016 Teachers in 25 schools in Choman and Soran KRG went on strike over govt not paying

salaries

2017 All of east Mosul freed by Iraqi forces after PM Abadi declared it cleared already

(Musings On Iraq Review They Will Have to Die Now: Mosul and the Fall of the Caliphate)

(Musings On Iraq Review Shatter the Nations, ISIS and the War for the Caliphate)

2017 Report Gen Martin head of ground forces in Coalition said 5000 civilian and 1600 ISF

casualties since start of Mosul op

2017 Report Original Mosul plan was to attack city from multiple directions Golden Div reached

east Mosul while southern and northern fronts stalled due to 2 new army divisions that had never seen combat being used Golden Div took part in every major battle vs IS Some ISF unfit for combat Some cmdrs given jobs without experience Led to heavier fighting against Golden Div

2017 NRT showed video of Hashd evicting families from Shirqat Salahaddin accusing them of

being IS sympathizers

2017 Report 2008 Provincial Powers Law supposed to decentralize power Was amended PM

Abadi said he supported decentralization and would push it in 12 months Nothing happened Law didn’t deal with other laws that blocked decentralization including Civil Service Law of 1960 Public Sector Employees Law of 1991 Some MPs wanted to reduce powers of provincial councils or end them Some wanted to maintain centralized power Ministers didn’t want to lose powers to provinces

2017 Report Trump signed executive order banning refugees from Muslim countries including

Iraq Iraqis would not be allowed into US even if had visa or relatives in US All refugees would be blocked for 120 days

2018 Report Bodies still pulled from Old Mosul months after city freed 10-15 bodies

found each day since Jul 2017 Pulled 2500 out of rubble so far PM Abadi said only 1260 civilians killed in Mosul battle US Coalition said 326 civilians killed in air strikes during Mosul battle AP est 9000-11000 killed 3200 killed in Iraqi and Coalition airstrikes and artillery

2018 Fmr Ninewa Gov Nujafi given 3 yrs for communicating and collaborating with Turkey

2018 Report 2400 displaced that returned to Mosul left again for displacement camps in KRG

Lack of homes one reason

2020 Govt crackdown on protests continued with attacks on sites in Baghdad Basra

Nasiriya with 12 killed

(Musings On Iraq New Govt Crackdown On Iraq Protests)

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

2020 Iraq Human Rights Comm said 12 protesters killed Jan 25-26 9 killed in Baghdad 3 in

Dhi Qar 426 wounded 89 arrested in Baghdad and Basra

2020 Sadr set 12 conditions for protesters Said they had to be peaceful Kick out abusers

Not harm people Not block roads Return to schools Demand US withdrawal Not criticize other countries meaning Iran Kick out political parties Not criticize him

2020 Sadr ally said protests had verged from their original path Warned that there would be

consequences if didn’t change path Came after Sadr withdrew supporters from demonstrations

2021 MP from Kurdistan Islamic Union said 43,000 Peshmerga on duty but 200,000 got salaries

Said Coalition aid to Peshmerga was taken by political parties Said PUK and KDP not interested in unifying Peshmerga or carrying out any reforms

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