Monday, January 16, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 16 Op Desert Storm to expel Iraq from Kuwait started

(Wikipedia)

 

1943 Iraq declared war on Axis

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

1948 New Anglo-Iraq Treaty announced Opposition parties National Democratic Party Liberal

Party Independence Party Communists called on public to reject treaty Students went on strike Organized protests

(Musings On Iraq review The Modern History of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Democratic Moment)

(Musings On Iraq A History Of The Iraqi Communist Party Interview With Univ of East Anglia’s Johan Franzen)

1981 UN Envoy Palme visited Iran and Iraq to try to negotiate ceasefire in war

1987 Iran seized Bovarian Island Basra and caused 3000 Iraqi casualties

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1991 Operation Desert Storm-Gulf War started to expel Iraq from Kuwait Coalition began air campaign and

missile strikes against Iraq Hit 45 targets in Baghdad Then SCUD missile sites in Anbar

(Musings On Iraq How The Gulf War Destroyed Iraq’s Electricity Network)

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Desert Storm, Volume 2: Operation Desert Storm and the Coalition Liberation of Kuwait 1991)

1991 Iraqi air force ordered to protect its planes and carry out limited offensive actions

Plans destroyed by Coalition bombing that controlled air

1991 Iraqi air force told to cancel plan to attack Israel with chemical bombs

1992 Report Iraq using front companies in Jordan and Switzerland to get around sanctions Saddam also

had fund that sustained him and family

(Musings On Iraq review Invisible War, The United States And The Iraq Sanctions)

1992 During election campaign Bush said Gulf War a success Predicted downfall of Saddam White

House spokesman called for Iraqis to overthrow govt

1995 UN asked Iran to relocate 4,000 Shiite refugees away from border which Iraq had claimed was

being used for base for attacks

1997 During peace talks PUK and KDP agreed to stop displacing rivals from towns and allow

displaced to return home

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

2003 UN inspectors found 12 missile warheads that could carry WMD not included in Iraq’s 2002

weapons declaration

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2003 PM Blair told cabinet 2nd UN resolution was not necessary for military action against Iraq even

though he was told it was

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Section 3.6 Development of UK Strategy and Options, November 2002 to January 2003)

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Section 5 Advice On The Legal Basis For Military Action, November 2002 To March 2003)

2003 Future Office for Reconstruction and Humanitarian Assistance (ORHA) head Garner

met with Def Sec Rumsfeld and Under Sec Def for Policy Feith Rumsfeld said no coordination of postwar planning Told Garner he needed to consult with different agencies and coordinate postwar plans Garner said in WWII US spent years planning for postwar situation and he was only given a few weeks for Iraq

(Musings On Iraq on Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 3 The Department of Defense Takes Charge)

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq and Back, Inside The War To Win The Peace)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign

Policy Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq review State of Denial, Bush At War, Part III)

(Musings On Iraq Only 3 of 13 Reconstruction Contracts Were Signed Before War)

2003 CIA received docs claiming Iraq-Niger uranium deal Sent to State Dept to be translated

Turned out to be fakes

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2003 UnderSecDef Feith memo to Sec Def Rumsfeld said Iraq-Syria pipeline should be kept open after

invasion to see whether Syria would cooperate with US

2003 UK general told CENTCOM cmdr Gen Franks he was unhappy with US postwar planning

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Section 6.5 Planning And Preparation For A Post-Saddam Hussein Iraq, January to March 2003)

2004 US military spokesman Gen Kimmit talked about allegations and investigations into Abu

Ghraib prison abuse

2004 30,000 Protested in Basra against U.S. installing an unelected provincial govt

2004 Report Shiite religious leaders on Iraqi Governing Council wanted to end Saddam family laws

that protected women’s rights and replace them with Sharia based ones Women protested move

(Musings On Iraq Iraqi Women Before And After The 2003 Invasion Interview With Prof Nadje Al-Ali Univ of London)

2006 Sheikh Fahadawi of Albu Fahd in Ramadi assassinated by Al Qaeda in Iraq for talking with US

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq review Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)

(Musings On Iraq review The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)

(Musings On Iraq review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

2007 Bush said that his Iraq policy was heading for slow failure and that’s why he chose new

policy with Surge

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

2007 Govt’s Article 140 comm said that any govt official unjustly fired in Kirkuk as part of Arabization

program of Baath would be reinstated PM Maliki didn’t sign order

2007 Report UN said roughly 40% of Iraq’s middle class had fled country

2009 Report ISCI said it still wanted to create Shiite federal region in south Iraq Said wanted to win

Najaf in provincial elections and make that capital of new region Didn’t win Najaf

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

2010 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq’s Khazali met Sadr in Iran Talked about peace between 2 groups Didn’t

happen

2010 PM Maliki said he favored banning candidates in 2010 election for Baathist ties Part of push

by Shiite parties to make Baathists main issue of vote

(Musings On Iraq Timeline of Iraq’s De-Baathification Campaign)

2010 Protest in Qadisiya calling for expelling Baathists from govt Governor and council members

said they would work against Baathists

2011 Parliament passed law to create 171,000 new govt jobs 100,000 would be in ISF rest would be in

ministries Most of the ISF jobs would be in Facility Protection Services Dep Planning Min said wasn’t enough jobs to solve unemployment Said 30% of govt employees worked at reduced hours Jobs part of patronage for ruling parties

2012 Baghdad complained to Turkey’s ambassador about Ankara accusing PM Maliki of spreading

sectarianism Turkey did same to Iraq’s ambassador to Ankara

2012 Report Kirkuk police blamed 8000 Arab families that moved to province since 2003 as cause of

violence Kirkuk official said only families that registered with govt should be allowed to stay and rest should be deported Arab councilman said families should be free to live where they wanted Displacement Min said Kirkuk asked it to deport Arab families Ministry said couldn’t be done

2012 Report Parliament’s finance comm wanted to add 42,000 new govt jobs to bill that already included

58,000 new positions Said it was to fight unemployment Was for patronage

2014 Report Dozens of families forced out of homes in Fallujah due to army shelling ISF was randomly

shelling city after fell to insurgents

(Musings On Iraq Counterproductive Tactics Of The Iraqi Security Forces)

(Musings On Iraq Human Cost Of Government Shelling And Air Strikes On Iraq’s Fallujah)

2014 UN reported 70,000 displaced in Anbar Came after insurgents took Fallujah and fighting started in

Ramadi

2016 Badr’s Amiri blamed violence in Muqdadiya Diyala on Baath Was Hashd carrying out revenge

attacks vs Sunnis after suicide bombing

2016 After confrontation between ISF and al-Shuhada Brigades pro-Iran groups formed Resistance

Factions Council Called on PM Abadi to withdraw all ISF from Basra and send them to Anbar and Salahaddin Badr said there was an intl conspiracy against Hashd

2019 Federal Police told Hashd they had to disarm before entering Kirkuk hospital They

refused Led to gun battle

2020 Report New Quds Force cmdr Gen Qaani sent message to Hezbollah’s Nasrallah to

contact Hashd leaders and try to reconcile them Nasrallah got Hashd leaders to go to Iran and meet Sadr Iran wanted Hashd and Sadr to unite to force US out of Iraq Badr’s Amiri asked Sadr to back him as replacement for Abu Muahandis as dep head of Hashd Comm Sadr wanted half the leadership positions in commission in return and larger role for his Saraya al-Salam Deal never made

2020 Activist disappeared after leaving protests in Baghdad Another assassinated in Babil

Reporter escaped assassination attempt in Sadr City Another received threats for covering protests

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

2021 Metro Center for Journalists’ Rights and Advocacy counted 385 violations against journalists in

2020 in KRG Said KRG took harsh measures to silence press freedom and dissent 163 journalists and outlets stopped from reporting 74 arrests 48 reporters threatened and assaulted 4 channels shut down 4 journalists imprisoned

2021 Report After US sanctioned Hashd Comm head Falah Fayad and his deputy Abu Fadak Fayad

told Hashd Kazemi responsible Some Hashd leaders asked Kazemi to write a letter saying he rejected sanctions otherwise they would consider him an enemy Kazemi refused not wanting problems with US

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Review The Political Economy of Iraq, Restoring Balance in a Post-Conflict Society

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