Tuesday, January 3, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 3 US killed Hashd leader Abu Muhandis and Iran’s Quds Force cmdr Gen Suleimani in Baghdad for rocket attacks on US personnel

(Jason Institute)

 

1916 Sykes and Picot drafted deal on dividing Ottoman Empire Baghdad and Basra vilayets

would go to UK Mosul to France Would also include independent Arab state for Sharif Hussein

(Musings On Iraq review Empires of the Sand, The Struggle For Mastery In The Middle East 1789-1923)

1916 New Gen Aylmer told to march from Amara to relieve siege at Kut where British

troops trapped

1923 Administrative Inspectors Law reduced number of British advisers to Iraqi govt and

limited their power

1948 Reported that negotiations underway for new Anglo-Iraq Treaty Foreign Min Jamali said Iraq

sensitive about Treaty

(Musings On Iraq review Iraqi Statesman, A portrait of Mohammed Fadhel Jamali)

1948 Independence Party held meeting Decided to protest against govt and 1930 Anglo-Iraq Treaty

1963 Communists warned Gen Qasim to purge military to stop Baathist coup but ignored

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq A History Of The Iraqi Communist Party Interview With Univ of East Anglia’s Johan Franzen)

(Musings On Iraq Revolutionary Times, Gen. Qasim And Iraq’s 1958 Coup, Interview With Western Kentucky’s Prof. Juan Romero)

(Musings On Iraq review Socialist Iraq, A Study in Iraqi Politics Since 1968)

1969 Pres Bakr launched new offensive against Barzani Talabani also attacked Barzani

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

1984 Formal ceasefire formed between Iraqi govt and PUK PUK agreed to fight Iran in return for

being left alone Only lasted 1 year

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1987 Iraq counterattack east of Basra city turned back

(Musings On Iraq Remembering The Iran-Iraq War Interview With Author Anthony Tucker-Jones)

(Musings On Iraq The Iran-Iraq War Interview with Author Tom Cooper)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1991 French MP Vauzelle met Saddam Claimed Saddam knew he was going to lose any war

but that he would go down as a hero

2002 CIA Dir Tenet told VP Cheney coup wouldn’t work in Iraq only invasion would Tenet then

gave same briefing to Bush

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

2002 CIA argued overtly containing Iraq via UN sanctions while secretly working to overthrow

govt wouldn’t work Bush told CIA Dir Tenet dual Iraq policy would stand

2002 CIA paper said Iraq could hit neighbors with WMD missiles

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

2004 US and Iraqi forces raided KDP and PUK offices in Kirkuk after Arab Turkmen Kurd clashes

in city

2004 Soldiers from 4th Inf Div told 2 Iraqis to jump into Tigris for violating curfew 1 died Cmdr told

soldiers to lie to investigators 2 soldiers found guilty but only given 45 days-6 mo in prison

2006 US was able to start recruiting tribesmen into Ramadi dist police

2007 Report Attacks doubled in Diyala since 05 US 4th Inf Div had largely withdrawn to bases Allowed

ISF to run province ISF accused of abuses ISF generals backed by Badr Diyala council dismissed police chief accused of supporting death squads Sunnis boycotted Diyala govt until Iraqi army general replaced Insurgents held parade in Baquba neighborhood end of Dec Insurgents executed and expelled Shiites from Baquba

(Musings On Iraq Diyala Province Backgrounder)

(Musings On Iraq From Bad To Worse How Military Moved Into The Iraqi Police Force And The United States Failed At Nation Building Part Two Of An Interview With Jerry Burke Former Advisor To The Baghdad Police And Interior Ministry)

(Musings On Iraq review The ISIS Reader, Milestone Texts of the Islamic State Movement)

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2008 Representatives of Sadr and ISCI met for second time to try to reconcile after a half year of fighting

            across the south Signed pact in October but didn't stop violence

2009 PM Maliki went to Iran Met with Asaib Ahl Al-Haq and renewed ceasefire with it Maliki was trying

to use Asaib Ahl Al-Haq against Sadr

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2009 Oil Min Shahristani said KRG exaggerating how much oil it was producing and claimed most

of it was smuggled

(Musings On Iraq Baghdad-Kurdistan Rivalry Continues)

2009 Iraq opened up 2nd round of auctions for 11 oil and gas fields

2010 PM Maliki said Baghdad and Irbil should talk about oil contracts Maliki tried to win over Kurds

before 2010 election to get 2nd term

(Musings On Iraq Talk Of Renewed Kurdish Oil Exports)

(Musings On Iraq Maliki Reaches Out To Kurds Before March 2010 Vote)

(Musings On Iraq Kurdish Oil Exports To Start Again)

2010 Chief Justice Mahmoud announced 3 judge anti-corruption panel Did nothing

2010 Report attacks upon sahwa increasing Avg 10 per week and gone up since Nov 09 Part of ISI

revenge campaign

2011 Report Iraq had most govt employees of any country in similar size Had bout 4 mil public employees

Was drain on budget 60% of budget went to govt salaries and pensions Maliki govt wanted to 115,000 new workers MPs said president PM and parliament would get $1.1 bil in 2011 budget

2012 Iraqiya boycotted parliament and cabinet to protest PM Maliki Said no power sharing

2014 Insurgents declared Fallujah an Islamic state ISIS held parade and public prayers in city ISIS actually

shared power with Naqshibandi 1920 Revolution Brigades Islamic Army and others

(Musings On Iraq Update On Iraq’s Insurgency Interview With Aymenn Jawad al-Tamimi)

2018 KRG said it would create security zone along Turkish border to stop PKK Didn’t happen

2020 Iranian Revolutionary Guards Quds Force Cmdr Gen Suleimani and Kataib Hezbollah

cmdr-Dep Head of Hashd Commission Abu Muhandis killed in US strike in Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq Iranian Revolutionary Guards’ Commander General Suleimani And His Role In Iraq, An Interview With The New Yorker’s Dexter Filkins)

(Musings On Iraq How Will The Deaths Of General Suleimani and Abu Muhandis Affect Iraq? Comments by the Washington Institute’s Mike Knights)

(Musings On Iraq Instrument Of Iran’s Power In Iraq And Syria Kataib Hezbollah)

2020 Citing the deaths of Gen Suleimani and Abu Muhandis resigned PM Abdul Mahdi

called for a special session of parliament to discuss the U.S. military presence in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Political Plan Unfolding In Iraq)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

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Review The Political Economy of Iraq, Restoring Balance in a Post-Conflict Society

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