Sunday, January 8, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 8 Churchill said Arab govt should be formed in Iraq because too expensive for UK to maintain control of Mesopotamia


 

866 Abbasid Caliph Mutasin deposed by his adviser Ibn Tahir

1921 Faisal turned down UK’s unofficial support to be king of Iraq Said his father wanted his

brother Abdullah to be king He would only go to Iraq if UK rejected his brother

(Musings On Iraq review Empires of the Sand, The Struggle For Mastery In The Middle East 1789-1923)

1921 Colonial Sec Churchill wrote Sir Percy Cox saying too expensive to maintain UK forces in

Mesopotamia therefore Arab govt should be created to run things

(Musings On Iraq Churchill In His Own Words On Mesopotamia/Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Churchill’s Folly, How Winston Churchill Created Modern Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Inventing Iraq: The Failure of Nation Building and a History Denied)

(Musings On Iraq review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)

1928 Conscription law failed in parliament King Faisal and allies were hoping conscription would expand

army create national feeling allow Iraqi independence from England

1928 PM Askari resigned No progress on passing Anglo-Iraq Treaty Conscription failed Shiite protests

1935 Persia told League of Nations that treaties between Ottomans and Persian didn’t apply anymore so

Iraq had no right to Shatt al-Arab

1948 College student strike in Baghdad over Anglo-Iraq Treaty ended when arrested students were

released by police

1956 Interior Minister announced conspiracy against govt by Egypt Based upon evidence Egypt

involved in bombings of Turkish embassy in Baghdad and assassination attempt on PM Said

1966 Govt forces attacked Kurds in Panjwin

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

1981 Iranian commander thought he’d destroyed most of Iraqi forces Attacked Dezful Broke

through Iraqi lines but pushed back Iranians retreated In offensive Iran lost 214 Chieftain tanks and 8 Cobra helicopters Iraq lost 100 T-55 and T-62 tanks End of 1st Iranian counteroffensive in war Failed

1987 Iranian cmdr said Op Karbala 5 needed to start immediately before Iraq discovered it

1988 Iran naval attack on Al-Amiq oil terminal in Basra

(Musings On Iraq Remembering The Iran-Iraq War Interview With Author Anthony Tucker-Jones)

(Musings On Iraq The Iran-Iraq War Interview with Author Tom Cooper)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1993 Iraq warned that it was in material breach of weapons inspections and would suffer consequences

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

1999 Kurdish parties met to discuss how to implement peace plan in civil war

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

2003 Bush met with Congressional leaders and said he would make case to Congress and US

public for war with Iraq

2003 Bush met with Republican leaders saying Saddam wasn’t complying with UN resolution and

he would have to address US about war

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)

2003 Saudi Foreign Min Faisal said that Iraq invasion could create a vacuum and eventually a civil

war

2006 Bush admin meetings said US was on strategic defensive in Iraq

2006 More than half sheikhs on Anbar People’s Comm which was attempt by Ramadi sheikhs and 1920

Rev Brigade to join Anbar politics assassinated by Al Qaeda in Iraq Many of the survivors quit committee

(Musings On Iraq US Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 19 The Iraqi Civil War Comes Into The Open, January-June 2006)

(Musings On Iraq US Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 21 Hope In Ramadi)

2007 Human Rights Watch report Militias killing torturing and dumping bodies with protection of

Interior Ministry

2008 6 churches in Mosul and Baghdad bombed

2008 US Op Phantom Phoenix began to secure Baghdad and belts in Diyala Salahaddin Ninewa US kept

offensive secret from most ISF fearing they would leak offensive to insurgents Still many insurgents escaped

2008 Ret Gen McCaffrey warned that Awakening and Sahwa were good short term security solution but

didn’t mean long term political stability in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

2009 Marine cmdr in Anbar said he failed because Baghdad didn’t rebuild Anbar after Awakening

helped reduce violence Blamed sectarianism

2010 Iraqiya held meeting over Accountability and Justice Comm banning its members from 2010

election for Baathist ties Rejected decision and threatened a boycott of parliament

(Musings On Iraq Timeline of Iraq’s De-Baathification Campaign)

2010 UN sent letter to Election Comm calling for it to reject the banning of candidates for Baathist

ties

2010 Change complained that PUK was attacking its followers 1 member killed in Halabja Dec 09

2011 Interior Min Bolani claimed investigation into fake bomb detectors was a political move and no

corruption in purchase Interior Min Inspector General believed 75% of money to buy detectors went to kickbacks for officials

(Musings On Iraq Fake Bomb Detectors At Center Of Corruption Case At Iraq’s Interior Ministry)

(Musings On Iraq Conviction Of Fake Bomb Detector Maker In England Changes Nothing On The Ground in Iraq)

2011 Sadr gave homecoming speech after returning from Iran Said was religious obligation to

resist US occupation of Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Sadr’s Return To Public View)

(Musings On Iraq Why Sadr Left Iraq)

2013 KRG Natural Resource Min Hawrami told press KRG was trucking oil to Turkey Came after

KRG-Baghdad oil export deal failed

2013 Pro-PM Maliki protests in Basra Qadisiya Karbala Muthanna Babil Wasit Chanted for Accountability

and Justice Commission Pro-Maliki TV station said Sunni protests were Baathists Response to Sunni protests that started after PM Maliki issued warrant for Finance Min Issawi 

2014 KRG Natural Resource Min said KRG would export 2 mil/bar/day by end of month Said KRG would

export 10-12 mil/bar/day by end of 2014 Didn’t happen

2014 Natural Resource Min said KRG would start exporting oil and buyers could go to Kurdistan Oil

Marketing Organization to make purchases which didn’t exist

2014 ISIS handed out flyers in Fallujah threatening to bomb houses of people who opposed them

2014 Albu Nimr tribe joined Fallujah Military Council Was tribal and insurgent group

2016 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq’s Khazali said Basra suffered from organized crime tribal wars drug abuse

and answer was to use Hashd for security Said would work under Basra Ops Command Attempt to extend Hashd control over south

2018 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq’s Khazali said he was putting his Hashd under command of PM Abadi and

would make his group a political party for the 2018 elections Did form political party Hashd not under govt control

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2019 Report Complaints about arrests extortion uncontrolled shooting by tribes and Hashd

in Mosul Qayara Rabiya Sharouq Tikrit Ramadi Hit Haditha Qaim

2019 Human Rights Watch KRG tortured children to get confessions about IS Children said

2017-18 Asayesh tortured them Most never saw lawyer Boys confessed due to torture

2020 Report Iranian media said Iranian Rev Guard started 2nd wave of attacks on US bases

in Iraq Rockets fired at Irbil airport

2021 Head of Hashd Comm Falah Fayad sanctioned by US for human rights abuses vs protesters

and corruption

2021 2nd day of protests in Nasiriya demanding release of activist arrested Jan 7 Police fired tear

gas to break up crowd Lawyer/activist had house broken into and killed

(Musings On Iraq Iraqi Army Intervenes To Protect Nasiriya Protesters From Police)

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

2021 Report Dec 2020 Transportation Min signed deal with Daewoo to build Faw Port Project 1st

brought up in 1978 then stalled Daewoo finished 1st stage of port Then Hashd demanded Chinese company take over project that had no experience building ports Hashd organized protest outside Transportation Min demanding Chinese company get deal Oct body of Daewoo manager found hanged in Basra under suspicion it was a murder

2022 Khamis al-Khanjar and his Azm Alliance agreed to join with his longtime rival Speaker

Halbusi and his Taqadum list

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Takes 1st Step Towards Forming New Govt With Election of Speaker of Parliament)

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Review The Political Economy of Iraq, Restoring Balance in a Post-Conflict Society

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