Monday, January 9, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 9 Qasim refused to legalize Communist Party even though it was his biggest supporter


1916 British took Shaikh Saad after Ottomans retreated but not before inflicting heavy

British casualties

1917 Battle of Mohammed Abdul Hassan between Ottomans and British

1917 British began assault upon Khadairi Bend fort outside Kut Pushed back

1921 Foreign Sec Lord Curzon wrote Colonial Sec Churchill supporting Faisal for Iraq’s monarch

(Musings On Iraq review Inventing Iraq: The Failure of Nation Building and a History Denied)

(Musings On Iraq review Empires of the Sand, The Struggle For Mastery In The Middle East 1789-1923)

1921 Foreign Sec Lord Curzon wrote Iraq High Commissioner Sir Percy Cox govt was not

opposed to Faisal being king of Iraq but had to get local support

1935 Sheikh Wahid and others asked leading cleric Sheikh Ghita to call meeting of tribes in Najaf to talk

about reforms in Mid Euphrates Wahid just wanted revolt vs PM Ayubi Jawadat for excluding him from parliament

1937 Reformers at Abu al-Timman’s house in Baghdad Decided to ask govt for permission to form

political party Didn’t get permission

1941 Gaylani govt asked UK for US dollars to buy weapons from US UK Foreign Min Eden said UK only

gave US$s to its allies Iraq said it was a friend of UK Eden said there were Iraqis who wanted to work with Axis

1960 Communists applied for govt recognition Qasim accepted party with exact same name to

shut Communists out Communists didn’t know Qasim behind move and blamed other party

(Musings On Iraq review The Making of Iraq 1900-1963, Capital, Power and Ideology)

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq A History Of The Iraqi Communist Party Interview With Univ of East Anglia’s Johan Franzen)

(Musings On Iraq Revolutionary Times, Gen. Qasim And Iraq’s 1958 Coup, Interview With Western Kentucky’s Prof. Juan Romero)

1960 National Democratic Party and KDP applied to register as political parties

1987 Iran Op Karbala 5 began attacking Fish Lake defensive line before Basra City

(Musings On Iraq Remembering The Iran-Iraq War Interview With Author Anthony Tucker-Jones)

(Musings On Iraq The Iran-Iraq War Interview with Author Tom Cooper)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1990 Iraq opened 2nd oil pipeline with Saudi Arabia Was hoping to boost oil exports to pay off debts of

            Iran-Iraq War

1991 Sec State Baker met with Iraq Foreign Min Aziz Failed to end Kuwait crisis Bush sent Baker to

Baghdad to convince people he was trying all options to resolve Kuwait crisis Baker said Coalition technologically superior to Iraq in every way so couldn’t win war Baker warned Iraq not use to use WMD in upcoming Gulf War Baker tried to give Aziz a letter from Bush to Saddam but Aziz refused to take it Aziz said Iraq knew about America’s technology but Iraq would win war Dismissed Coalition Said any war would be US vs Iraq

1991 Iraq said that if it was attacked it would strike Israel Iraq began dumping Kuwaiti oil into Persian Gulf

to emphasize what a disaster Gulf War would be

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq in Wartime, Soldiering, Martyrdom, and Remembrance)

1991 Bush sent request to Congress to use force against Iraq in Kuwait

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

1992 Report Est 70,000-90,000 Iraqis died in aftermath of Gulf War due to damage to infrastructure

done by bombing 2,500-3,000 Iraqis est to have died during war from bombings Est 30,000 died in 1991 uprising

1993 Iraq refused to allow inspectors to fly to Baghdad from Bahrain Demanded they use Iraqi

planes UN Security Council warned of serious consequences if Iraq didn’t relent

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

1999 Iraq’s parliament said Iraq-Kuwait border was illegal and savage and called for reparations from

Kuwait and Saudi Arabia for hosting air strikes on Iraq

1999 Saudi Arabia said Saddam had killed and tortured 1000s and called for Iraqi people to rise up

and overthrow him

2002 Sec State Powell called Gen Franks concerned that Sec Def Rumsfeld was trying to push as small

an Iraq invasion force as possible

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy


2003 Head UN weapons inspector Blix said no smoking gun found in Iraq but didn’t mean there

were no WMD Said Iraq’s Dec weapons declaration was incomplete

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Section 3.6 Development of UK Strategy and Options, November 2002 to January 2003)

2003 IAEA head El Baradei said aluminum tubes Iraq tried to buy were probably for rockets not

nuclear program Were for rockets

(Musings On Iraq How A Contested Aluminum Tubes Story Became The Basis For War With Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2003 White House responded to IAEA Said Iraq spinning it over aluminum tubes Said knew for

a fact that Iraq had WMD Tubes were for rockets

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

2003 Pentagon asked Jay Garner to head ORHA to run postwar Iraq 2 months before invasion He

initially said no

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

(Musings On Iraq review No End In Sight, Iraq’s Descent Into Chaos)

2003 Gen Franks briefed Bush on war plan Talked about Turkey’s refusal to allow in US troops

Franks worried about Jordan and Saudi Arabia staying on board for war Franks said he’d be ready for invasion by Feb 03 but March would be better

(Musings On Iraq review Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy


(Musings On Iraq review Losing Iraq, Inside The Post War Reconstruction Fiasco)

2004 Maysan governor’s security fired into crowd protesting job program Killed 3 British army

took over security and killed 2 more Govt building looted

2006 Foreign Min Zebari told Amb Khalilzad Ayatollah Sistani and Iran’s Gen Suleimani would

likely pick next candidate for premier after Dec 05 vote

(Musings On Iraq Iranian Revolutionary Guards’ Commander General Suleimani And His Role In Iraq, An Interview With The New Yorker’s Dexter Filkins)

2008 Harith al-Dhari head of Association of Muslim Scholars claimed sahwa were all ISI members

who left insurgency for the money

2008 World Health Org study est 151,000 deaths from Mar 03-Jun 06 Compared to Lancet study’s 600,000

deaths Mar 03-Jul 06 WHO study had larger sample size than Lancet which was widely criticized for being inaccurate

(Musings On Iraq Major Flaws With The Lancet Reports On Iraqi Deaths Part I)

(Musings On Iraq Major Flaws With The Lancet Reports On Iraqi Deaths Part II)

(Musings On Iraq New Survey On Estimated Deaths In Iraq Refutes Lancet Reports)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mark Van Der Laan on Lancet Reports)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Michael Spagat on Lancet reports)

2009 US general said violence in Iraq down 93% in last quarter of 2008

2009 UN report 2.8 mil displaced 1.2 mil were displaced before 06 1.6 mil displaced 06-08

(Musings On Iraq January 2009 U.N. Report On Iraq Refugee Returns)

(Musings On Iraq Refugees International Report On Iraq’s Refugees and Displaced)

2010 VP Abdul Mahdi reassured Ayatollah Sistani that candidate bans for Baathist ties were

unofficial and shouldn’t be discussed anymore 

(Musings On Iraq Timeline of Iraq’s De-Baathification Campaign)

2011 Parliament passed Vice Presidents law taking away their power

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Parliament Approves Creation Of Three Vice Presidencies)

2013 PM Maliki claimed political parties were paying $100 for each person that showed up at Anbar protests

Army stopped people from going to Hawija Kirkuk protest site

2016 Report ISF left Basra to fight IS Led to lawlessness in province Robberies kidnappings tribal fights

drug trafficking Governor asked tribes to disarm Interior Min sent police unit in Dec to help with security

2016 Ayatollah Sistani rep Friday sermon said he regretted no serious reforms and lack of fighting

corruption over last year

2016 PM Abadi new year speech said 2016 would be year to end corruption Nothing done

2017 Report Exxon made big gamble investing in KRG US was opposed State Dept told Exxon it should

wait until oil law passed Baghdad threatened to end deal with Exxon Company unhappy with small profits it was making in Basra End of 2011 Baghdad owed it $1 bil

2019 PUK arrested PKK members and shut down its office in Garmiyan PUK raided office of

Kurdistan Free Society Movement Arrested 9 members

2019 Report PM Abdul Mahdi ordered KRG flags to be removed from govt buildings in Kirkuk

PUK put up KRG flags day before

2020 Retired PM Abdul Mahdi called Sec State Pompeo Said US should send delegation to

set up withdrawal timeline

(Musings On Iraq US Increases Threats Against Iraq If It Forces US Troops To Leave)

2020 UN said killing and kidnapping of protesters had to stop

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

2020 Report Since 2013 spate of malls built in Baghdad’s Mansour Politicians took land and then

sold it to businessmen for cheap they were close to

2021 3rd day of protests in Nasiriya demanding release of activist arrested Jan 7 Police fired live

bullets into crowd but they were able to take Haboubi Sq Solidarity marches in Wasit Diwaniya Babil

(Musings On Iraq Iraqi Army Intervenes To Protect Nasiriya Protesters From Police)

2021 Displacement Min said it would close all the displaced camps in 2021 Said had comprehensive plan

for return while previous govts had none Claimed 100% of displaced voluntarily returned Said it was rebuilding areas provided jobs reconciliation Intl Rescue Comm said some were forced to leave camps Said most had no homes jobs infrastructure Govt had no plan other than close camps Didn’t close all

2021 Activist’s body found dismembered after being kidnapped

2022 Speaker Halbusi re-elected to office Sadrists and Coordination Framework both claimed they

were majority to form new govt

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Takes 1st Step Towards Forming New Govt With Election of Speaker of Parliament)

2022 Report Large blocs offered independents bribes to to join them Attempt to form largest bloc

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Review The Political Economy of Iraq, Restoring Balance in a Post-Conflict Society

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