Thursday, January 12, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 12 Churchill said Faisal might be best man to be king of Iraq



866 Papers of Abbasid Caliph Mutasin’s resignation signed

870 Abbasid Caliph Muhtadi agreed to pay Turkish soldiers Led to adviser Musa to start

new revolt against caliph

(Musings On Iraq review when baghdad ruled the muslim world, the rise and fall of islam’s greatest dynasty)

1921 Colonial Sec Churchill wrote Sir Percy Cox asking him what he thought of Faisal

1921 Colonial Sec Churchill wrote to Lord Curzon Said that Faisal might be best man to be Iraq’s monarch

(Musings On Iraq Churchill In His Own Words On Mesopotamia/Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Churchill’s Folly, How Winston Churchill Created Modern Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Inventing Iraq: The Failure of Nation Building and a History Denied)

(Musings On Iraq review Empires of the Sand, The Struggle For Mastery In The Middle East 1789-1923)

1968 Baghdad Univ student strike demanded return to parliamentary govt and elections Led

by Baath and Communists

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq A History Of The Iraqi Communist Party Interview With Univ of East Anglia’s Johan Franzen)

1973 After 8th Baath Party Congress Bakr govt said it would reach out to western countries while

maintaining ties with Soviets

1987 Iran launched 2nd attack in Op Karbala 5 in Fish Lake Basra

1987 Saddam started 3rd War of the Cities in retaliation for Iran’s Op Karbala 5 Iraqi air force stopped

ground support ops in Basra and attacks upon Gulf shipping to focus upon Iranian cities

1987 Iraq Def Min Khairallah authorized used of WMD to repel Iran Op Karbala 5 in Basra

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Use Of Chemical Weapons In Iran-Iraq War And Their Western Origin)

(Musings On Iraq Remembering The Iran-Iraq War Interview With Author Anthony Tucker-Jones)

(Musings On Iraq The Iran-Iraq War Interview with Author Tom Cooper)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1990 Turkey closed Euphrates River to build new dam for 30 days Caused hardships for

Iraqi farmers and protests from Iraq

1991 Bush administration authorized by Congress to use force to make Iraq withdraw from Kuwait

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)

1993 Clinton gave interview with NYTimes Said if Iraq wanted better relations Saddam needed

            to change way he acted

1998 1st day new UN inspections went to General Security HQ Were blocked Went Abu Ghraib prison

looking for docs on WMD tests on prisoners from 1994-95 Found nothing

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq review The Greatest Threat, Iraq, Weapons of Mass Destruction, And The Growing Crisis Of Global Security)

2001 Ret Adm McGregor presented plan for 16500 troops to invade Iraq and take Baghdad to

CENTCOM cmdr Gen Franks

2003 State Dept intel analyst sent email to intel community arguing that Niger docs were fakes They were

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2003 State Dept told White House docs claiming Iraq-Niger uranium deal were fakes

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

2003 IAEA said it would be hard to believe that Iraq was hiding a complete nuclear weapons program

IAEA head El Baredei said provisional conclusion aluminum tubes Iraq tried to buy were for rockets not centrifuges

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Created An Iraqi Nuclear Threat In 2002)

(Musings On Iraq How A Contested Aluminum Tubes Story Became The Basis For War With Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Section 3.6 Development of UK Strategy and Options, November 2002 to January 2003)

2005 Zarqawi killed 2 senior aides to Ayatollah Sistani in Karbala and Baghdad

2006 UK Embassy in Iraq argued for high level talks with Sadrists to push them towards greater political

engagement and role in new Iraqi govt

2006 Gen Peterson head of US training mission said that 200,000 Iraqi police would finish courses

by end of 2006 in what was dubbed Year of the Police

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq American Negligence In Iraq Or How The United States Failed To Plan For Security The Country Part One Of A Two Part Interview With Jerry Burke Former Advisor To The Baghdad Police And Interior Ministry)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

(Musings On Iraq review The U.S. Army In The Iraq War: Volume 1, Invasion, Insurgency, Civil

War, 2003-2006)

2006 Report Albu Mahal tribe in Qaim west Anbar turned on Al Qaeda in Iraq and formed Desert

Protection Force to fight it

(Musings On Iraq US Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 17 Innovation In The Face Of War, Summer-Fall 2005)

(Musings On Iraq Anbar Before And After The Awakening Pt IX: Sheikh Sabah Aziz Of The Albu Mahal)

(Musings On Iraq Understanding Anbar Before And After The Awakening Part V Sheikh Jassim Mohammed Salah al-Suwaidi And Sheikh Abdul Rahman al-Janabi)

(Musings On Iraq The Demise But Not Death of Al Qaeda In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq How A Change In Perceptions Led To The Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq review Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)

(Musings On Iraq review The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)

(Musings On Iraq review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

2006 Report Islamic Army said in Oct it got into gun battle with Al Qaeda in Iraq in Taji Baghdad

Fighting lasted for days Al Qaeda in Iraq fought Islamic Army Mohammed’s Army in Anbar Babil Salaahddin Sep 05 sheikh in Baghdad asked govt help to drive out Al Qaeda in Iraq Was assassinated as a result 2005 elections split insurgency over whether Sunnis should vote or not Al Qaeda in Iraq opposed both elections

2008 Accountability and Justice Commission replaced deBaathification Commission

(Musings On Iraq New DeBaathification Law)

2008 145 MPs from Iraqiya Sadrists part of Dawa National Dialogue Front and others said they were

against turning over Kirkuk to Kurds

2009 4 MPs from Independent Democratic Gathering left Iraqi Accordance Front National Dialogue

Council and Independent Bloc already left list accusing Iraqi Islamic Party of domination

(Musings On Iraq Who Speaks For The Sunnis?)

2009 Report Many Anbar sheikhs were having their wives run as candidates in 09 elections to

meet quota for women candidates Wife of Sheikh Hayes of Awakening running as candidate Said she didn’t want to but did it for her husband

2009 Report Security better in Mahmudiya, Baghdad that used to be battleground Had no services

ISF were working with militias

2009 Pres Barzani interview Said PM Maliki was becoming authoritarian

(Musings On Iraq Argument For Maliki Being Iraq’s Next Strongman)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

2010 US Amb Hill met with PM Maliki over banning of Salah al-Mutlaq from 2010 elections

by Accountability & Justice Comm Hill said no grounds for banning Mutlaq as he’d already served in parliament Maliki accused Mutlaq of working with Baathists in Syria in a conspiracy against him Claimed he was powerless to stop the ban

2011 Kuwait Premier and Foreign Affairs Min arrived in Baghdad for first high level meet

between 2 countries since 1990

2011 12 ISI members escaped from Basra prison Had help from govt officials including

possibly dir of security bureau in PM’s office

(Musings On Iraq Iraqi Forces Suspected In Escape Of Al Qaeda Officials Form Basra Prison)

(Musings On Iraq Al Qaeda In Iraq Had Official Help In Prison Escapes In Baghdad And Basra)

2011 Report Human Rights Ministry said 85,694 civilians killed by insurgency 2004-08

2012 Report Central Bank of Iraq said people bought US dollars in its auctions and sent the money to Syria and

Iran on the black market Both countries sanctioned Said they had been selling $160 mil/day worth of dollars in previous yrs Went up to $200-$300 mil/day since Nov 2011

2013 Govt organized protest in Baghdad Chanted against Baathists and for PM Maliki Was to counter Sunni

protests over Maliki issuing warrant for Finance Min Issawi

2014 Anbar Salahaddin Ninewa complained ministries were not following provincial powers law and not giving

them more authority Said federal govt held monopoly on power

2016 Peshmerga Min said 1345 Peshmerga killed around 8000 wounded fighting IS

2016 KRG Finance Min said there would be hiring freeze and budget cuts up to 70% due to economic

crisis in region

2016 PM Abadi sent ISF unit to Basra to secure province Said suffering from political violence Tribes

and political parties fighting for power after many ISF units sent north to fight IS

2021 Survey 36% of Iraqis said economic issues most important Only 16% said security

44% said Iraq going in right direction 46% said wrong direction

2023 Human Rights Watch Criticized KRG for arresting journalists in Irbil Dohuk Sheikhan

before Aug 2021 protests and sentencing of 3 journalists activists to 6 yrs in Irbil

2023 Report Restaurants and malls in Baghdad used for money laundering by corrupt politicians and

figures under US sanctions

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Review The Political Economy of Iraq, Restoring Balance in a Post-Conflict Society

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