Thursday, January 5, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 5 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq’s Khazali released from prison in US-UK-Iraq deal to get release of British worker AAH kidnapped

(Wikipedia)

 

1909 Riot in Mosul after Kirkuk soldier insulted a woman Organized by elites opposed to

Ottoman reforms 60 killed

1916 British attacked Shaikh Saad 2nd time in attempt to reach trapped forces at Kut Took 1st

defensive line but then bogged down

1918 UK PM George said Ottoman provinces including Mesopotamia should have “separate national

conditions”

(Musings On Iraq review When God Made Hell, The British Invasion of Mesopotamia and the Creation of Iraq, 1914-1921)

1948 PM Jabr suspended classes at Baghdad Law College to try to stop protests Students at other colleges

and high schools went on strike Part of Wathba/Great Leap

1957 Iraq backed Eisenhower Doctrine to oppose communism in Middle East

1981 Iranian Pres Bani Sadr announced attack in Khafajiya in Khuzistan using Basij militia

and army Was blocked and Iraq counterattacked

1981 Iran attacked south of Ahvaz to push Iraqi artillery out of range of city Suffered heavy losses

and was stopped

1981 Clergy convinced Ayatollah Khomeini to launch campaign to try to win back all lost territory from

Iraq Started with Op Hoveyzeh to break siege of Abadan in south 2nd front to reach Susangard 3rd attack towards Qasr e-Shirin in central front

1981 Iranian brigade infiltrated Iraqi lines around Geilan Zarb near Qasr e-Shirin in central front

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1982 Iran retook Gilan e Gharb but failed to take Naft Shah in central front

(Musings On Iraq Remembering The Iran-Iraq War Interview With Author Anthony Tucker-Jones)

(Musings On Iraq The Iran-Iraq War Interview with Author Tom Cooper)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1991 Bush letter to Saddam said that if Iraq used WMD there would be frightful

consequences

1993 US England and France demanded that Iraq remove anti-aircraft missiles from No Fly Zone

Iraq complied

1999 UN weapons inspector report said Iraq had not accounted for 550 mustard gas artillery rounds

These unaccounted for stocks would become a major argument by the Bush White House that Iraq was hiding its WMD

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Sec 1.1 UK Iraq Strategy 1990 To 2000)

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq review The Greatest Threat, Iraq, Weapons of Mass Destruction, And The Growing Crisis Of Global Security)

2000 Saddam said sanctions would erode by themselves and that already started

2004 White House presented CPA’s reconstruction plan to Congress

2004 3 US soldiers discharged after found guilty of abusing prisoners at Camp Bucca Basra

2004 Zarqawi called on Muslims to join his jihad in Iraq

2005 State Dept report said Iraqi security forces were ineffective in most of country due to

insurgent attacks

2006 US Iraq cmdr Gen Casey told Bush US on verge of success in Iraq Said US might be able to

cancel deployment of 4 army brigades and 1 Marine regiment

(Musings On Iraq US Army History of Iraq War Vol 1- Chapter 18 – Defeated By Democracy, Winter 2005-2006)

2006 Al Qaeda in Iraq suicide car bomb in Ramadi killed 80 tribal recruits for police organized by Anbar

People’s Committee

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

(Musings On Iraq US Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 21 Hope In Ramadi)

2007 American kidnapped by Mahdi Army at checkpoint in Basra Iraqis that were with American were

found dead

2008 PM Maliki said Sahwa infiltrated by ISI and Baathists and attacked ISF

(Musings On Iraq What’s In The Future For The Sons of Iraq?)

(Musings On Iraq review Surge, My Journey with General David Petraeus and the Remaking of the Iraq War)

2009 Female suicide bomber hit Shiite pilgrims outside Imam Kadhim shrine in Baghdad 40 killed

72 wounded

(Musings On Iraq The Rise of Female Suicide Bombers0

(Musings On Iraq Motivations Behind Female Suicide Bombers)

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2009 Report Iraqi human rights group counted 2899 deaths in 2008 6996 wounded Baghdad most

violent area during the year

2010 Report that US was in talks with Baathists in Iraq to try to get them to reconcile Maliki govt

criticized talks

(Musings On Iraq Is The U.S. Negotiating With Baathists?)

2010 Chilcott Comm Sir Patey UK amb to Iraq 05-06 said UK never committed to rebuilding Iraq

2010 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq leader Qais Khazali released as part of US-UK-Iraq deal to get release of

kidnapped Brit Moore Ended talks with govt and ceasefire afterwards Went to Iran

(Musings On Iraq 2007 Political Kidnappings In Iraq Involving Asaib Ahl Al-Haq)

(Musings On Iraq Iranians Planned Kidnapping And Held British Captives Taken In Iraq) 

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2011 Report KRG claimed it had 45 bil in oil reserves US said only 2 bil were proven

2011 Sadr returned to Iraq after four years in Iran Fled to escape Surge

(Musings On Iraq Sadr’s Return To Public View)

(Musings On Iraq Why Sadr Left Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Moqtada al-Sadr’s Religious Training)

2011 Fmr Syrian official interviewed on Al Jazeera Said Iraq supported Assad govt and sent money to

Damascus

2012 Report Electricity Min said it would continue to pay Iran for fuel and electricity exports despite

sanctions 

2012 Bombings of Shiite pilgrims during Arbayeen in Dhi Qar and Baghdad left over 160 casualties

(Musings On Iraq review The ISIS Reader, Milestone Texts of the Islamic State Movement)

2012 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq’s Khazali interviewed Said his group would give up weapons and join politics

Said resistance against US occupation over Said it was responsible for attack on Finance Min and kidnapping of 5 Brits and attack upon US base in Karbala in 07 that killed 5 US soldiers Said 258 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq members were released in return for 5 Brits kidnapped Claimed 4 of them killed trying to escape Denied any of the Brits were held in Iran Asaib Ahl Al-Haq didn’t give up weapons Brits were turned over to Iran and 4 of them not killed for trying to escape

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2012 Reports Efforts to revive Basra marshes ran into major problems 2 biggest were reduced water levels

and salinity 07 govt claimed almost half the marshes had been recovered Later revealed was less than 1/3 Irrigation cut water to marshes Reduction in fresh water led to salinization of Shatt al-Arab and destruction of farms Head of agriculture engineers in Basra said after 03 people broke down dams built by Saddam and marshes increased by 80% 2005-06 Then dropped to 24% in 07 Water flow down Tigris dropped by more than 2/3 Water Min said 97% of marshes were drying up

2013 Ninewa Ops Command closed protest square in Mosul to try to stop demonstrations

2013 Sadr sent delegations to Ramadi and Samarra protest sites Called for unity of Iraq and non-

sectarianism Sadr tried to take advantage of situation and make himself national leader

2013 Naqshibandi leader Dhuri said he supported protests Said they needed to overthrow PM Maliki

Naqshibandi tried to co-opt protests and turn them towards insurgency

2014 Sec of State Kerry said US would assist Iraqi govt with renewed insurgency

2014 Clerics sheikhs and insurgents created council to run Fallujah Said it didn’t include ISIS

2014 Military Council of Anbar Revolutionaries announced Said it would fight Maliki govt and ISIS

2015 Report 29 Iranian soldiers killed in Iraq in Dec 2014 fighting IS MP on defense committee said

their presence was open secret in Iraq National Alliance denied any Iranian soldiers in Iraq

2015 Ayatollah Sistani statement called on people not to loot and rob liberated areas Said govt should

punish thieves and would lead to divisions Was response to Hashd abuses

2017 Kirkuk govt issued warrants for Hashd trying to recruit Kurds Said it would not allow Shiite

Hashd into central Kirkuk

2017 Report Dec VP Maliki made tour of Maysan Basra Dhi Qar Was met by protests organized by

Sadrists In Basra people stormed site Maliki was to visit and Maliki had to leave Maliki threatened new Charge of Knights against Basra protesters Baghdad govt called for questioning Sadrist governor in revenge Sadrists called for questioning State of Law governing in Karbala

2019 Report IS active in northern Muqdadiya dist central Diyala Stopping farming Carried out night

attacks and set up checkpoints

2020 Protesters blocked procession for deaths of Iran’s Gen Suleimani and Hashd leader Abu

Muhandis Guards fired into crowd killing 1 Led protesters to burn Hashd offices

2020 Basra city sit-in square shot at and tents burned

2020 Parliament voted on non-binding resolution to have US forces leave Iraq Before vote Kataib

Hezbollah threatened to expose any MP that voted against resolution Made personal threats as well

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Political Plan Unfolding In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Instrument Of Iran’s Power In Iraq And Syria Kataib Hezbollah)

2020 Trump threatened sanctions on Iraq if US forces expelled Said US not leaving until Iraq

paid for air base US used

2020 Report When US military presented retaliation plans to Trump over American killed by

pro-Iran groups didn’t choose killing Iranian Gen Suleimani After Trump saw pro-Iran groups set fire to US embassy changed his mind and Suleimani killed

2020 Funeral procession for Iran Rev Guards Quds Force Cmdr Gen Suleimani tried to enter

sit-in protest sites in Basra and Nasiriya In Basra attacked protesters and burned tents Nasiriya fired into crowd killing 2 Protesters then burned Hashd office in retaliation

(Musings On Iraq Funeral for Iran’s Gen Suleimani And Hashd Leader Muhandis Used To Attack Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

2020 Sadr called for all resistance factions to unite after killing of Iranian Gen Suleimani Then

reversed himself Tried to take advantage of situation and assert leadership of pro-Iran groups

2020 Report Adv to PM Kazemi said Iran’s Gen Suleimani felt like he ran Iraq and came and

left as he pleased without a visa Pro-Iran Sabreen News said groups would take care of adviser Fatah demanded advisor be fired and charged in court

2020 Pro-Iran groups fired rockets at Green Zone One landed in residential area wounding 3

civilians

2021 ISF intel arrested Dhi Qar activist for burning tires during demonstrations

2021 KRG suspended salaries of 10,609 govt workers getting more than one salary Suspended 21,588

for that offense

2021 Head of New Generation said he was beat by KDP MPs during KRG parliament session

after he demanded Natural Resource Min answer questions

2022 Iraqi govt agreed to buy ExxonMobile’s share in West Qurna 1 oil field Setback for Iraq’s oil

industry as Western companies divested

(Musings On Iraq ExxonMobile Withdraws From Iraq’s Oil Industry)

2022 Report Oil exploration and drilling in KRG declined in 2020 KRG didn’t earn enough money to

pay its bills to oil companies 1st half of 2021 KRG earned $688 mil/mo from oil sales After paid debts to oil traders oil companies tariff and transit fees to Turkey and KRG pipeline operators only had $290 mil/mo left Had to pay $617 mil/mo for public sector Owed more than $4 bil to trading companies that gave KRG advances on oil sales Owed $4 bil to electricity producers May 2020 announced it would pay oil companies it owed money for 2019-20 at different schedule Companies angered Dec 2021 KRG still owed $460 mil to 5 oil companies Financial crisis partially helped by PM Kazemi resuming monthly budget payments of $138 mil since Jul Aug 2021 KRG producing 42,900 bar/day of natural gas from Shaikan field Growth at field was slower than expected 1 of major oil fields Tawke saw 15-20% drop in oil production/yr 1 of major oil companies in KRG Genel Energy ended 2 contracts due to years of delays Company sought arbitration against KRG for breaking 2 contracts

2022 Fmr Dep Electricity Min given 6 yrs for taking bribes MP said corrupt officials stealing from

Mosul sewage project

(Musings On Iraq Corruption In Iraq An Interview With Stuart Bowen Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Trouble Fighting Corruption Interview With Vincent Foulk Former US Anti-Graft Official)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

No comments:

Review The Political Economy of Iraq, Restoring Balance in a Post-Conflict Society

Gunter, Frank, The Political Economy of Iraq, Restoring Balance in a Post-Conflict Society , Cheltenham, Northhampton: Edward Elgar, 2013 ...