Saturday, January 28, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 28 UK claimed Mosul province which it took after WWI ended


 

1920 Turkish National Pact said Turkey gave up rights to all Ottoman provinces with Arab

majorities including Basra and Baghdad Did not include Mosul province which Turkey claimed had Turkish majority Kurds called Turks

(Musings On Iraq review Turkey, the US and Iraq)

1920 British claimed Mosul province which it occupied after armistice with Ottomans in

1918

(Musings On Iraq How The Ottoman Province Of Mosul Became Part Of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Princeton’s Sara Pursley on Sykes-Picot and creation of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Creation of Iraq 1914-1921)

(Musings On Iraq review Inventing Iraq: The Failure of Nation Building and a History Denied)

(Musings On Iraq review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1941 Golden Square officers threatened to put army on alert if Regent didn’t stop trying to

dismiss PM Gaylani Regent named 2 new ministers to create new cabiet to dismiss PM

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

1954 PM Jamali ended martial law imposed Nov 1952

(Musings On Iraq review Iraqi Statesman, A portrait of Mohammed Fadhel Jamali)

1979 Saddam visited Syria for Higher Political Committee meeting to unify 2 countries

Agreed to meet in Baghdad to discuss constitutional changes to allow merger

1985 Iran attacked Qasr e-Shirin central Iran across from Diyala attempting to take

mountains outside Sumer

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1985 Iraq attack took back most of South Majnoon Island Basra from Iranians

1987 Iraq air strike on Larak Island for 2nd time Was new Iranian loading port for tankers

farther south Thought to be out of range of Iraqi jets

(Musings On Iraq review Iraqi Mirages, The Dassault Mirage Family In Service With The Iraqi Air Force, 1981-1988)

1987 Iraqi counterattack pushed Iranians out of beachhead west of Fish Lake defensive line

in Basra during Iran Op Karbala 5

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1990 Israelis briefed Def Sec Cheney on their plan to start ops in Anbar to find SCUD

missiles

1991 Saddam told CNN Iraq would be admired for its fighting spirit Iraq could use WMD but

hoped it wouldn’t go that far Said Iraq would win war

1998 UK discussed using force against Iraq to ensure continued UN weapons inspections

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

1999 Clinton’s Natl Sec Adv Berger OpEd in Wash Post said sanctions and Oil for Food

program positives because made Iraq spend money on its people

(Musings On Iraq review Invisible War, The United States And The Iraq Sanctions)

2003 Bush’s State of Union said Iraq wasn’t disarming and hiding its programs from UN

inspections Said Iraq had 25,000 liters of anthrax enough to make 38,000 liters of botulinum toxin Making sarin and VX gas Had mobile WMD labs Bush asked what 9/11 hijackers could’ve done if had WMD from Iraq Said UK learned Iraq tried to buy uranium from Africa Said Iraq tried to buy aluminum tubes for its nuke program Said Saddam was harboring Al Qaeda members

(Musings On Iraq review What Happened, Inside the Bush White House and Washington’s Culture of Deception)

(Musings On Iraq review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Future The aftermath of regime change)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign

Policy Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

(Musings On Iraq How A Contested Aluminum Tubes Story Became The Basis For War With Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq How Iraqi Defector CURVEBALL Became Basis For US Claims That Iraq Had WMD)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2003 UK For Sec Straw told For Office legal adv Wood that he didn’t think 2nd UN resolution

was necessary for action vs Iraq

2003 ORHA head Garner met with NSC’s Zalimay who said goal of postwar Iraq should be

getting Iraqis to govern as soon as possible

(Musings On Iraq on Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 3 The Department of Defense Takes Charge)

(Musings On Iraq review State of Denial, Bush At War, Part III)

(Musings On Iraq review The Endgame, The Inside Story of the Struggle for Iraq, from

George W. Bush to Barack Obama)

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

2003 Report VP Cheney chief of staff Libby gave copy of his briefing on Iraq WMD and ties

to Al Qaeda to Sec State Powell to be used as basis for his UN speech

2004 Ex-Iraq Survey Group’s Kay told Congress everyone wrong about Iraq Said found no

stocks of WMD No mobile WMD labs No WMD factories No nuclear program No connections with Al Qaeda Said CIA had no spies in Iraq Grown addicted to UN inspectors in 90s for info Said CIA analysts had become reliant upon assumptions Suffered group think on WMD Said US had to admit to failure on Iraq Called for investigation into intel failure on Iraq Didn’t believe White House pressured intel analysts

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

2004 White House said that Iraq Survey Group needed more time to make conclusions about

whether Iraq had WMD or not Said Iraq was a threat and Bush made right decision invading

2004 Hutton Inquiry said Sep 02 UK dossier on Iraq’s WMD had not been influenced by

political pressure from Blair govt

2004 UN Sec Gen Annan said UN delegation would go to Iraq to look into elections

2004 CPA Order 55 created Integrity Commission to investigate corruption

(Musings On Iraq Undermining Of The Integrity Commission Part II Of Washington And Baghdad’s Failed Attempt To Fight Corruption)

2006 Aglus Sunnah wal Jammah joined Mujahadeen Shura Council

2007 Soldiers of Heaven started revolt in Najaf leaving 263 killed 210 wounded US air and

ground forces had to be called in to help Iraqi forces defeat group

2007 Baquba mayor fired for charges of working with insurgents 1500 police fired by new

provincial police chief for deserting posts in Nov 2006

2007 Iran’s Amb to Iraq offered counter to Surge Said Iran would open banks fund major

reconstruction projects provide electricity and fuel train equip advise Iraqi forces

2007 Sec State Rice sent letter to Senate Armed Service Comm Said White House told Maliki

govt US backing was not open ended and expected Baghdad to pass certain laws Same time said Maliki govt had not passed provincial election oil or deBaathification law

2007 ISI set of chlorine car bomb in Ramadi 16 killed

2008 Electricity Min said no improvement in power supply in 2007 Said would have to wait

until 2011 for progress

2008 12 political parties signed agreement to resolve Kirkuk after Article 140 not

implemented in 2007 Was never done

2008 Report Iran backed Special Groups were attacking Sahwa units in parts of Baghdad

2008 Report PM Maliki continued to be sectarian Sunni areas in Baghdad only got avg 2 hrs of

electricity/day vs 8 hrs/day in Shiite ones Maliki only listened to small group of Dawa members Used Commander in Chief to undermine Def Min US officials complained about Maliki but had no alternative

2009 Early voting in provincial elections

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Provincial Elections And Abuses)

(Musings On Iraq Information On Iraq’s Voting System)

2009 Report 2005 Christians accused Kurds of preventing them from voting in Ninewa

Qaraqosh had no ballot boxes Neighboring town Kurds fixed the vote 

2009 Finance Min asked foreign banks to open branches in Iraq and invest Said would clear

bureaucratic obstacles to doing business Part of 2 day conference with banks from US England Turkey Iran Lebanon Jordan Bahrain No reforms ever made to Iraqi economy

2009 Report Iraq was going to issue bonds for the 1st time Hoped to raise $5 bil Needed to raise money

because oil prices dropped threatening budget

2010 Report Gorran claimed its followers were attacked by PUK Dec 09 4 Gorran members attacked 1

killed House burned Pres Talabani blamed Gorran head Mustafa for betraying Kurds Ignored Halabja attack Blamed him for PUK-KDP civil war in 90s Mustafa said Talabani hadn’t stood for Kurdish interests in yrs Pres Barzani tried to mediate 2 sides agreed to stop attacks

2011 Protest in Mosul demanded govt release prisoners

2011 Report UN reported fewer displaced/refugees returned in 2010 vs 2009 40% drop in returns from 2009

Surveys said political instability main reason people not returning After that lack of services and security

2013 Report Iraqiya tried to co-opt Sunni protests for its own gain Boycotted cabinet sessions Said wouldn’t

participate in meetings until demands of protests met Some members joined protests in Ramadi Mosul Samarra

2015 Report Shell signed $11 bil deal to develop petrochemical plant in Basra Attempt to diversify econ

Supposed to be finished in 5-6 yrs Would make Iraq largest petrochemical producer in Mideast Didn’t happen

2015 Report Parliament’s finance comm said 2015 budget included 55,000 govt jobs All patronage

2016 PM Abadi met with Pres Masum Speaker Jabouri to talk about technocratic govt and

reforms

(Musings On Iraq A Review Of Iraq Premier Abadi’s Reform Program Interview With Reidar Visser)

2016 Report Baiji Refinery taken from IS Oct 2015 Refinery was looted by Hashd afterward Held

auction for parts open to businessmen from Baghdad and Iran Large pieces of equipment were shipped to Iran Hashd blocked Oil Min team from entering facility to assess it and shot at them Hashd officer said refinery destroyed and used as a Hashd base

2016 Report Fighting in Diyala changing demographics Hashd and Kurds blamed for pushing Sunnis

out

2017 Gorran demanded that KRG parliament be brought back and political crisis ended before KRG

elections

2017 KRG Planning Min said 3700 projects suspended in region due to economic crisis

2018 Report General Dynamics pulled out most of its maintenance crews for Iraqi army’s

Abrams tanks because some were in Hashd hands

(Musings On Iraq Pentagon Finally Realized Tanks It Sold To Iraq Ended Up With Pro-Iran Hashd Groups)

(Musings On Iraq General Dynamics Withdraws Technicians Over Pro-Iran Hashd Possessing Abrams Tanks)

2018 MP on displacement comm said 90% of money meant for displaced stolen by corrupt politicians

2018 Spokesman for Kataib Hezbollah said 80% of displaced from Babil’s Jurf al-Sakhr returned Not

true no displaced allowed back Environment Min sent team to dist to remove IEDs and turned back by security forces

2019 Report Turkey had 20 military bases in Irbil and Dohuk

2019 Committee to Protect Journalists condemned KRG for shutting down NRT over covering

protests at Turkish base in KRG

2020 Report Harakat al-Nujaba tried to unite Hashd factions under it after death of Abu

Muhandis Supposed to unite over getting US to leave Iraq Secretary general met with Quds Force cmdr Gen Gaani Also met with Sadr in Iran Leader was student of Ayatollah Sadiq al-Sadr

2020 Report Interior Min forces raided Tigris channel in Baghdad in Oct Nov Jan for covering

protests

2020 Report US suspended support for Iraq’s F-16s due to pro-Iran groups attacking bases with

US personnel

2021 KRG began paying workers but with 21% pay cut

2021 Mosul’s Old City still in ruins Bodies still pulled from rubble Explosives still around People tried

to sell property but no buyers

2021 PM Kazemi announced death of deputy head of IS Issawi Killed by Counter Terror Service in

Kirkuk Was Wali of Iraq 17 of his associates found in Kirkuk and Salahaddin over last 5 months

2021 Activist's house bombed in Dhi Qar

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This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 21 Coalition Provisional Authority created to run post-war Iraq

  1802 Wahabi army from Arabia sacked Karbala 2,000-5,000 killed