Monday, January 2, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 2 ISIS seized control of Fallujah in aftermath of PM Maliki shutting down Anbar protests

(Reuters)

 

1915 Suleiman Bey took over Iraq Command for Ottomans Called on Arab sheikhs to join war against

British and planned on retaking Basra

1928 Ministers Yasin al-Hashemi and Rashid Ali al-Gaylani resigned in protest over new Anglo-Iraq

Treaty

1932 Al-Ahali Party formed Called for end of UK influence in Iraq Democracy Social and economic

reforms

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Democratic Moment)

1980 Iranian Op Mohammed Rasoolallah attacked Iraqi forces in Zagros Mtns Kurdistan Pushed

back by Iraqi counterattacks

(Musings On Iraq Remembering The Iran-Iraq War Interview With Author Anthony Tucker-Jones)

(Musings On Iraq The Iran-Iraq War Interview with Author Tom Cooper)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

2003 UN inspector told Irish Times no active WMD or nuclear programs found in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Created An Iraqi Nuclear Threat In 2002)

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Section 3.6 Development of UK Strategy and Options, November 2002 to January 2003)

2005 Jordanian Foreign Min Mulqi said Sunnis were majority in Iraq

2006 Saudi King Abdullah told US officials that US Saudis Saddam agreed to fight Iran in

1980s but now US was presenting Iraq on a golden platter to Iran

(Musings On Iraq review A Self-Fulfilling Prophecy, The Saudi Struggle For Iraq)

2006 Iraq’s Dec 2005 export average of 1.1 million barrels a day of oil was lowest since 2003 invasion

2006 USAID report on development projects outlined civil war Said tribes were turning in rivals as

insurgents to govt Said south Iraq controlled by militias and religious groups curtailing people’s freedoms imposing dress codes bombing liquor stores etc Said Iraqi govt had no real control of country Police ineffective Criminals had free reign and working with militias and insurgents

2007 Iraqi govt reported 16,273 deaths in 2006 14,298 civilians, 1,348 police, 627 soldiers

2007 Report US pre-Surge Iraq strategy failed US planned to withdraw and have Iraqis take over security

Problem was violence increased ISF was not up to task of securing country and many units were full of militiamen making situation worse Bush still talked about victory when plan was a withdrawal As early as 2005 State Dept and NSC officials wanted to review Iraq strategy but went nowhere Wasn’t until fall 06 Bush finally agreed that things were not working

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

(Musings On Iraq review The Strongest Tribe, War, Politics, and the Endgame in Iraq)

2008 Female suicide bomber killed Sahwa leader in Baquba Part of ISI campaign vs sahwa

(Musings On Iraq The Rise of Female Suicide Bombers0

(Musings On Iraq Motivations Behind Female Suicide Bombers)

(Musings On Iraq Behind The Revival Of The Islamic State in Iraq, Interview With Naval War College Prof Craig Whiteside)

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2009 UN condemned assassination of two candidates in Ninewa and raids and attacks upon al-

Hadbaa Party before provincial election

2009 Dawa’s Askari accused ISCI of attempting no confidence vote against PM Maliki Said there was

a meeting in Kurdistan between Kurds, Islamic Party and ISCI that discussed removing Maliki

2010 Arab League Report ranked Iraq 12th richest Arab country out of 16 nations based upon per

capita income

2012 Sadrists accused PM Maliki of courting Asaib Ahl Al-Haq and causing conflict Came after one of

Sadr’s lieutenants joined Asaib Ahl Al-Haq

2012 Interview with Pres Barzani’s chief of staff Said PM Maliki amassing too much power Asked whether

Maliki believed in democracy Said concentrating power in his hands Not consulting with others Said Maliki paranoid others plotting against him Maliki was PM commander in chief acting Defense Interior Mins and intelligence head

2012 Report Fmr US intel officer thought Diyala center of insurgency Was recovery area for fighters from

Anbar Had networks into Baghdad Used for training safe houses smuggling Mosque in Baquba important Jihad center Early 04 Zarqawi declared his jihad from mosque Zarqawi killed in Diyala in 06 Oct 06 ISI said Baquba capital of their caliphate Were ISF units with connections to insurgency Islamic Army and 1920 Revolution Brigades ended up fighting ISI in Diyala Federal Police mostly Shiite Badr organized in Diyala Were patrolling in Baquba Muqdadiya and surrounding towns Peshmerga in north east US didn’t understand province and were used by Iraqis to go after enemies

2013 Report PM Maliki went after directors of Trade Bank of Iraq and Central Bank of Iraq to consolidate

his power over independent institutions

(Musings On Iraq Argument For Maliki Being Iraq’s Next Strongman)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

(Musings On Iraq Is Iraq’s Prime Minister Becoming A Dictator? An Interview With Kirk Sowell Of Inside Iraqi Politics)

(Musings On Iraq Is Iraq’s Prime Minister Maliki More Like Premier Nuri al-Sa’id Than Saddam? An Interview With Historian Phebe Marr)

2013 Protests in Ramadi became semi-permanent with tent city Issued list of demands including releasing

prisoners Ending executions and use of terrorism law Pass amnesty law Suspend Accountability and Justice law Balance in govt appoints for Sunnis

(Musings On Iraq Understanding Iraq’s Protest Movements, An Interview With Kirk Sowell, Editor of Inside Iraqi Politics)

2013 Sadr Kirkuk Karbala Muthanna sent delegation to meet with Ramadi protests

2013 Ayatollah Khamenei blamed Qatar Saudi Arabia Turkey and US for protests in Anbar

2014 ISIS fighters attacked Ramadi and helped take Fallujah with other insurgents

(Musings On Iraq review The Rise of Islamic State, ISIS and the New Sunni Revolution)

(Musings On Iraq How Iraq’s Fallujah Fell To The Islamic State)

2014 Meeting of sheikhs clerics and notables to work out plan to retake Fallujah

2014 Mutihadun said wanted govt to release MP Alwani and police to restore security in Anbar

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s PM Maliki Goes From Offensive Against Al Qaeda To Crackdown On Anbar Protestors)

2014 Kurdish independent oil exports arrived in Turkey

2014 Banks in KRG ran out of cash Couldn’t pay KRG public salaries and pensions Bank member said that

KRG didn’t have modern financial system Univ of Sulaymaniya prof said KDP and PUK kept money out of banks to control cash flow KRG Finance Min blamed Baghdad for not sending budget payments over oil dispute

2015 Govt cleared Hawija in Kirkuk and Dhuluiya in Salahaddin of IS

2016 Saudi Arabia reopened embassy in Iraq closed since 1990

2016 VP Maliki said Hashd may go to Syria if needed Hashd units had been fighting in Syria for

years already

2018 Abadi govt froze bonuses and hiring No raises for govt workers IMF said over 1 mil excess

            govt workers

2019 PM Abdul Mahdi announced new Supreme Anti-Corruption Council to combat the problem

(Musings On Iraq Corruption In Iraq An Interview With Stuart Bowen Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Trouble Fighting Corruption Interview With Vincent Foulk Former US Anti-Graft Official)

2019 Foreign Min Hakim said Iraq didn’t have to follow US sanctions on Iran

2019 KRG Health Min said over 1000 doctors left Kurdistan in last 4 yrs due to economic crisis

2019 KDP Asayesh raided house of PUK official in Irbil PUK general said KDP tried to kidnap

his son Was allegedly retaliation for arrest of KDP official’s son

2020 US fired missiles at Kataib Hezbollah camps in Anbar used to house missiles from Iran

2020 Report Abu Muhandis met with Dep Nat Sec Adv Shatri Kataib Hezbollah Iranian Quds

Force representatives to plan attack upon US embassy in Baghdad Advisor to PM Abdul Mahdi was to open gates of Green Zone to allow Hashd in to march on embassy Was ordered by Quds Force Cmdr Gen Suleimani

(Musings On Iraq Iranian Revolutionary Guards’ Commander General Suleimani And His Role In Iraq, An Interview With The New Yorker’s Dexter Filkins)

2020 Electricity Min signed deal with Gulf Cooperation Council to import 500mw of electricity

Would need to build 2 transmission lines from Kuwait

2020 Activist assassinated in Baghdad Another one survived an attack in Nasiriya 3rd was

kidnapped in the capitol Demonstrations in Maysan blocked main road demanding governor resign

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

2021 Iran unhappy with new Quds Force cmdr Gen Qaani Didn’t have connections with Iraqis that Gen

Suleimani had Only met with Iraqis a few times Iraqi politicians said Qaani only gave orders and delivered messages Qaani worked in Afghanistan beforehand Quds Force commanded Hashd units during war vs IS Had Hashd attack opponents in Iraq Talked about getting rid of some Hashd units and merging others Then protests started and Suleimani assassinated Abu Muhandis gave Iran $100-$135 mil/mo by stealing money from Hashd Comm Muhandis used Qi Qard to steal money from govt salaries and ghost Hashd Raised another $10-$15 mil Iran couldn’t fund Hashd anymore Hashd got into smuggling Charging taxes at checkpoints Drug trade Land ownership Businesses Competition between Asaib Ahl Al-Haq Kataib Hezbollah Harakat al-Nujaba over leadership of Hashd

(Musings On Iraq Expansion of the Hashd al-Shaabi’s influence In Iraq, Interview With Clingendael’s Erwin van Veen)

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