Wednesday, January 25, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 25 Sadrists began attacks on protesters after Sadr withdrew his support for them

(Al Mirbad)

 

865 Mutazz acknowledged as the new Abbasid caliph in Baghdad

1917 British attack on Ottoman positions along Hai River outside Kut pushed back

1940 Justice Min Shawkat resigned Regent again asked PM Gaylani to resign He said no

1959 Gen Qasim legalized trade unions

(Musings On Iraq Revolutionary Times, Gen. Qasim And Iraq’s 1958 Coup, Interview With Western Kentucky’s Prof. Juan Romero)

1967 Pres Johnson met 5 Iraqi generals and Iraqi Amb Hani at White House and said that they

would build closer ties

1981 Islamic Conference Organization created group to try to mediate end to Iran-Iraq War

1986 Iran announced it was cutting oil production by half due to damage at Kharg Island export

facility after Iraqi air raids

(Musings On Iraq review Iraqi Mirages, The Dassault Mirage Family In Service With The Iraqi Air Force, 1981-1988)

1987 3rd War of the Cities ended

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1990 OPEC said Kuwait and UAE agreed to limit oil exports to try to settle dispute with Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

1995 Saddam discussed how Iraq had created a deterrent to protect every Arab capital from Israel

with WMD

1996 Member of Iraqi National Accord made recording of his operation in Iraq setting off bombs

Complained he didn’t have enough money and explosives Ops were funded by CIA 

1998 Report US was preparing strike against Iraq called Operation Desert Thunder for non

cooperation with UN inspectors US was hoping to cause a confrontation with inspectors to attack Iraq

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors and CIA Spying On Iraq In The 90s)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq In The Eye of the Storm)

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

(Musings On Iraq review Neighbors, Not Friends, Iraq And Iran After The Gulf Wars)

2003 Military Industrialization Commission officials had Republican Guard commanders sign docs

that they had no WMD in units

2003 Cheney chief of staff Libby briefed White House on case vs Iraq’s WMD and Al Qaeda ties

Said Iraq hiding its WMD and cleaning sites before UN inspections Said Iraq-Al Qaeda ties strong Libby played recording of 2 Al Qaeda operatives talking about poisons that Libby said they got from Iraq Libby claimed 9/11 hijacker Atta met with Iraq intelligence in Prague up to 4 times Story false

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2004 Ex-Iraq Survey Group Head Kay said US intel wrong about Iraq’s WMD US intel had to

explain why they failed on Iraq Kay said Iraq tried to restart nuke program in 2000-01 but didn’t get far Kay said Iraq had active biological weapons program Was poison program for assassinations 1998 US bombing stopped Iraq’s chemical weapons program

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

(Musings On Iraq How Operation Desert Fox Finished Off Iraq’s WMD Programs)

2005 Bush admin said it would ask Congress for another $80 bil for Iraq and Afghanistan wars

2005 Human Rights Watch reported arbitrary arrests torture abuse threats corruption in Iraqi

justice system

2006 Report US wanted to make Iraqi army light infantry force of 10 divisions to tackle insurgency and

not threaten neighbors Meant given no artillery or heavy weapons besides 77 T-72 tanks Were concerns light force would not deter Iran

2007 PM Maliki presented new Baghdad security plan as part of Surge Said he would go after militias and

protect human rights He didn’t Called on govt to recruit from all communities and be presented throughout bureaucracy to address complaints about marginalization as opening to Sunnis MP Sheikh Janabi asked why were parts of Baghdad under siege and said govt should be killing terrorists not civilians Demanded release of prisoners Said Iraqi intel should be reviewed by both Sunnis and Shiites Demanded end to deBaathification Maliki accused Janabi of kidnapping 150 people Speaker Mashadani admonished Maliki for attacking a MP Live TV broadcast was quickly cut off

2009 Report PM Maliki tried to remove Kurdish officers from 2 army divisions in Ninewa Ninewa

Ops Command twice said it would remove KDP Dep Governor of Ninewa from office

2010 3 international hotels bombed in Baghdad

2010 Accountability and Justice Comm reinstated 59 banned candidates saying there were errors in

paperwork

(Musings On Iraq Timeline of Iraq’s De-Baathification Campaign)

2010 Report 2nd time in 3 yrs Special Insp Gen for Iraq Recon criticized State Dept handling of contract

with DynCorp hired to train and supply Iraqi police DynCorp spent $43.8 mil on storage camp not used State spent $36.4 mil on weapons and equipment for Iraqi police that couldn’t be tracked Hired guards for $4.5 mil for 6 contractors that already had guards

2012 Report When Electricity Min Aftan came into office promised planning would solve power problems

Promised 50% increase in power output by summer 2012 Officials in Electricity Min accused of asking for bribes from foreign companies 50% of investment projects in Baghdad closed because of corruption 17 contracts total halted for corruption in Iraq Aftan did nothing to fix contracts Parliament talked about investigations but did nothing

2012 Reporters Without Borders Iraq dropped 22 places in World Press Freedom Index from 130 to 152

Close to its 2008 position of 158 1 reason was increase in murder of journalists Reporters also targeted by ISF for covering protests in Baghdad and Sulaymaniya

2012 Report PM Maliki rejected Salahaddin’s call to be autonomous region because based upon sectarianism

Wasn’t legal basis for rejecting bid Maliki then said there were problems with constitution on regions to hold up process

2013 Army killed 9 protesters at Fallujah protest camp for throwing stones after blocked from joining protest

site at checkpoint Anbar protest leaders threatened to attack army in retaliation Sheikh Abu Risha demanded soldiers be arrested for shootings

(Musings On Iraq Understanding Iraq’s Protest Movements, An Interview With Kirk Sowell, Editor of Inside Iraqi Politics)

(Musings On Iraq How Iraq’s Fallujah Fell To The Islamic State)

2013 Report Exxon expanded its work in KRG buy adding share of new oil field in Sulaymaniya

2014 Report Ansar al-Sunna, Islamic Party militia, Naqshibandi, ISIS all in Fallujah ISIS would eventually

push all other groups out of city

2015 Yazidi militias and YPG forced Arabs out of Om Danabuk, Sinjar Killed 10 and

            looted village Attacked 3 others villages in Sinjar dist 21 killed in total 40 kidnapped

2015 Badr’s Amiri claimed all of Diyala cleared of IS It wasn’t

2016 Flyers posted in Baghdad called for ban on singing and make up Part of criminals religious

parties ISF and militias to control culture in capital

2018 Interpol turned over fmr Trade Min Sudani Sep 2017 arrested in Lebanon 2012 sentenced to 7rs in

absentia for corruption 2009 arrested released and fled Iraq Accused of stealing $400 mil some of which went to PM Maliki’s State of Law/Dawa

(Musings On Iraq Corruption In Iraq An Interview With Stuart Bowen Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Trouble Fighting Corruption Interview With Vincent Foulk Former US Anti-Graft Official)

2019 Protest sites attacked in Baghdad Basra Najaf Nasiriya after Sadr withdrew support

1 killed in Baghdad 3 in Nasiriya Protest leaders called Sadr betrayer of the revolution for withdrawing from demonstrations

2019 Report on Qaraqosh Christian town in Ninewa IS controlled town 2014-16 Entire

population left and was destroyed Christian Ninewa Plains Protection Unit trained by US was supposed to secure area but given no equipment or supplies Shabak Hashd arrived but turned away by residents Christians considered Shabaks threat because were taking over area Babylon Brigades arrived in city led by Christian aligned with Shiite parties Summer 2017 Ninewa Protection Unit and Babylon Brigades began feuding Ninewa Protection Unit arrested member of Babylon Brigades for stealing Suspect turned over to police Babylon Brigades raided Ninewa Protection Unit HQ in retaliation Bishop intervened and called on PM Abadi for help PM sent task force to Qaraqosh Jul 2017 Babylon Brigades told to leave town Dec 2017 fight broke out at Qaraqosh Univ when Shiite Arab allegedly insulted Christian student Ninewa Plains Unit and Shabak Hashd got involved Bishop and Najaf clergy intervened

2020 Report Interior Min shock forces attacked protest site in Basra Led by Gen Mishari from

Kataib Hezbollah Left Iraq for Iran under Saddam Returned 2003 Joined death squad Joined Interior Min and made officer Made head of Crime Dir in Basra Charged with murder and reassigned within Interior Formed shock forces in Basra Mishari claimed protesters killed in Basra were victims of gangs

(Musings On Iraq New Govt Crackdown On Iraq Protests)

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

2020 Court case in UK said 2 former Unaoil executives and sales managers paid bribes to get

contracts in Iraq’s oil industry from 2005-11 Unaoil was energy consultant agency Accused of helping company get contract to build 3 offshore floating loading system via bribes and manipulation Also helped Leighton Offshore get contract for 2 pipelines and installing floating loading system through bribes

2022 Report Iran’s Quds Force cmdr Gen Qaani and Hezbollah’s Kawtharani had been in Iraq trying to

form new govt Failed to meet with Sadr and convince him to join Coordination Framework Also didn’t solve disputes within Framework

2022 Iraq ranked 25th most corrupt country out of 180 in Transparency International’s Corruption

Perceptions Index

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This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 21 Coalition Provisional Authority created to run post-war Iraq

  1802 Wahabi army from Arabia sacked Karbala 2,000-5,000 killed