Monday, November 1, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 1

 

1918 Ottoman cmdr in Mosul vilayet asked British to retreat to Qayara and not threaten Mosul city

1918 UK cmdr in Mesopotamia Gen Marshall said Turks withdrawing from Mosul could

lead to disorder and therefore UK had to take city

1940 Report to UK cabinet said PM Gaylani had to be dealt with because of contacts with

Germany and refusal to sever ties with Italy

1940 UK Chiefs of Staff recommended removing Gaylani via diplomatic moves

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The Nationalist Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Boich World War II In Iraq and Syria)

1955 Martial Law declared in Iraq to deal with protests over Suez Crisis Were riots in Baghdad

Najaf Mosul Kut Samawa Kirkuk led by Communists and Baathists Army had to be sent to Mosul and Najaf to support police

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Under General Nuri, My Recollections of Nuri al-Said, 1954-1958)

1956 Iraq filed complaint with England over Suez Crisis and imposed martial law to try to stop

protests

1963 Wandawi head of Baathist National Guard dismissed in fallout between nationalist

and Baathist coup members He refused to step down and threatened to bomb Baath HQ Baath officers in military backed Wandawi and arrested Baath civilian leaders

(Musings On Iraq review Socialist Iraq, A Study in Iraqi Politics Since 1968)

1978 Iraq hosted anti-Sadat conference to oppose Egypt-Israel peace treaty

1982 Iranian Op Holy Muharram attacked Maysan Iranians changed strategy from human wave

attacks to infiltration Iranian Rev Guard division and extra battalions snuck through Iraqi lines at border

(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)

(Musings On Iraq review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1983 Sec of State Schultz told Iraq using chemical weapons almost every day in Iran-Iraq War

(Musings On Iraq Origins Of Iraq’s WMD Programs)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1990 Bush authorized offensive planning and preparations for Gulf War

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)

1992 Report UN inspectors found US companies contributed to Iraq’s nuke program CIA knew about deals

and did nothing 200 of 770 US licensed exports to Iraq went to weapons programs 1985-90 US sold $1.5 bil in dual use goods to Iraq that probably went to weapons

2000 UK intel report said Saddam had no reason to work with UN because felt US would never end

sanctions as long as he was in power

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Section 1.2 UK Iraq strategy September 2000 To September 2001)

2002 UnderSec State Bolton told conference if Iraq got fissile material it could have a nuclear bomb

in a year

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Created An Iraqi Nuclear Threat In 2002)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2002 UN Head inspectors Blix and El Baradei visited Bush and VP Cheney at White House Bush said

inspections had full US backing

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2003 UN withdrew most of its staff after Zarqawi bombing

2003 Asst Cmdr 1st Armored Div Gen Hertling said that the insurgency was faltering

2003 Zarqawi truck bomb hit Italian Carabinieri HQ in Nasiriya killing 14 Part of Ramadan offenisve

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2003 Bush said former regime members and foreigners behind insurgency but US would not quit

(Musings On Iraq review The U.S. Army In The Iraq War: Volume 1, Invasion, Insurgency, Civil

War, 2003-2006)

2005 Bush and PM Blair agreed Sunni outreach before Dec election main priority

2007 Report Baghdad’s Rasheed used to be majority Sunni Now 70% Shiite Hurriya home to many Shiites

driven out of Adil by insurgents Sunnis expelled from Hurriya Sunni cleansing of Ghazaliya largely ended due to US presence

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)

2008 PM Maliki govt took over control of Baghdad Sahwa Said would pay and integrate them Cut salaries

from $300 to $250/month to undercut Sahwa which Maliki opposed to

(Musings On Iraq Will Baghdad Pay For The Sons Of Iraq?)

(Musings On Iraq Will Baghdad Pay For The Sons Of Iraq Update)

(Musings On Iraq Sons of Iraq Integration Update)

(Musings On Iraq review Surge, My Journey with General David Petraeus and the Remaking of the Iraq War)

2008 Intl Org for Migration report Before Feb 06 Samarra bombing 1.2 mil displaced Afterward another 1.5

mil displaced

(Musings On Iraq International Organization for Migration’s November Report on Iraq’s Displaced)

2009 Report Top positions in ISF like battalion commanders and squad leaders were up for sale for

thousands of dollars

2009 US said Maysan main gateway for Iranian weapons into Iraq Militiamen still being trained in

Iran as well

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 

2013 Iraq said it supported Geneva II meeting to arrange political transition in Syria for Assad to

step down

2016 Mosul entered by Iraqi forces for first time starting with eastern neighborhoods

(Musings On Iraq Review They Will Have to Die Now: Mosul and the Fall of the Caliphate)

2017 Pres Barzani stepped down from office he held since 2005 due to failed independence referendum

(Musings On Iraq review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

2017 Iraq Joint Ops Command accused Kurds of walking out on talks over borders and border crossings

2018 Protests restarted in Basra over water crisis jobs and better governance

(Musings On Iraq Protests Return To Iraq’s Basra After Having Failed To Achieve Goals During Summer)

2019 Ayatollah Sistani said he stood with the protesters Said there should be elections and

referendum on constitution Led to huge increase number of protesters

(Musings On Iraq Najaf and Tehran Pick Sides In Protests)

2019 Report Ayatollah Sistani intervened in protests because mad at Iran calling protests US

Israeli Saudi plot and afraid PM Abdul Mahdi would use force again

2019 Hashd said it stood with protests but warned that it shouldn’t be manipulated by

foreigners

2019 PM Abdul Mahdi warned that if he stepped down without a replacement there could

be a civil war

2019 Badr/Fatah head Amiri said current political system failed and constitution needed to

            be amended

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2019 6 protesters died from being hit by tear gas canisters in Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

2019 Human Rights Comm said govt not interested in ending excessive use of force as seen

by number of casualties

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