Monday, November 15, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 15


1914 Ottomans attacked British at Saihan, Basra Forced to retreat British lost 62 casualties Turks 126

1919 Gertrude Bell wrote report Changed from believing Iraq should be run as colony because Arabs

incapable of self-rule to arguing for Arab govt Said British should give Arabs concessions which would ensure longer influence

(Musings On Iraq review Desert Queen, The Extraordinary Life of Gertrude Bell: Adventurer, Adviser to Kings, Ally of Lawrence of Arabia)

1919 Chief political officer in Iraq Wilson forwarded Gertrude Bell’s ideas that Iraq could start move

towards independence if al-Ahd group given power

(Musings On Iraq review of Gertrude Bell And Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Gertrude Bell, Explorer of the Middle East)

(Musings On Iraq movie review Letters from Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Desert Queen, The Extraordinary Life of Gertrude Bell: Adventurer, Adviser to Kings, Ally of Lawrence of Arabia)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1920 Report to UK Foreign Office said provisional Iraqi govt was set up in Karbala during 1920 Revolt

(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

1922 Elections brought new PM Law to power in England who wanted to withdraw from Iraq Created Iraq

commission to review policy

1924 Frontier Commission started demarcating border between Iraq and new nation of Turkey

(Musings On Iraq review The Creation of Iraq 1914-1921)

(Musings On Iraq review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)

1963 Arif govt began arresting Baathist National Guard members after recent rampage

1968 Baath National Guard fired on strike led by Communists at factory in Baghdad 2 killed

1971 Baath issued Charter for National Action to try to draw Communists into govt

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Since 1958, From Revolution To Dictatorship)

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

1986 Saddam told aides US wanted to keep Iraq and Iran balanced Was reason why US sold weapons

to Iran in Iran-Contra scandal

1998 UN accepted Iraq’s letter asking inspectors back

1998 Natl Sec Adv Berger met with head UN inspector Butler on inspection schedule to plan confrontation

to give US excuse to bomb Iraq

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq In The Eye of the Storm)

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

(Musings On Iraq review Neighbors, Not Friends, Iraq And Iran After The Gulf Wars)

1998 Clinton said he would implement Iraq Liberation Act over frustration with Iraq’s dealings with

inspectors and UN Demanded full cooperation

2000 UK Foreign Office report Saddam felt like he was winning in breaking down sanctions

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Section 1.2 UK Iraq strategy September 2000 To September 2001)

2001 Sec State Powell told PM Blair that after Afghanistan Right in US would push for bombing Iraq

2002 US asked UK and other allies for military support against Iraq

2002 Natl Sec Adv Rice said that US couldn’t allow Saddam to have a nuclear weapon

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Created An Iraqi Nuclear Threat In 2002)

2002 Saudi Amb to US Bandar visited Bush Said Saudis wanted to know US intentions on Iraq Bush

told Bandar he would tell Saudis if he decided on war with Iraq

2003 Bremer announced Nov agreement after told his original plan for transition to Iraqi self rule rejected

by White House Bremer said 2/28/04 Governing Council would draft transitional law for Iraq Said by end of Mar 04 Governing Council would have a formal security agreement with Coalition Said by end of May 04 elections for transitional parliament selected through caucuses End of Jun 04 transitional parliament would appoint Iraqi govt By 3/15/05 Iraqi govt would hold elections for constitutional convention End of 05 elections for permanent govt held under new constitution November plan opposed by Sistani

(Musings On Iraq review My Year in Iraq, The Struggle to Build a Future of Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)

(Musings On Iraq review Patriotic Ayatollahs, Nationalism In Post-Saddam Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Squandered Victory, The American Occupation And the Bungled Effort to Bring Democracy to Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Dysfunctional Democracy)

(Musings On Iraq review The Endgame, The Inside Story of the Struggle for Iraq, from

George W. Bush to Barack Obama)

(Musings On Iraq review Imperial Life In The Emerald City, Inside Iraq’s Green Zone)

(Musings On Iraq US Army History Of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 9 Down The Spider Hole, October-December 2003)

2003 Pentagon claimed UnderSecDef Feith’s intel unit on Iraq-Al Qaeda ties was authorized by intel

community but it wasn’t

2005 PM Jaafari admitted that prisoners found by US forces at secret prison in Baghdad were tortured Inter

Min Gen Kamal claimed abuse done by inexperienced police and would lead to reform within ministry Secret prison was actually one of many run by Badr Inter Min forces throughout Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq US Army History of Iraq War Vol 1- Chapter 18 – Defeated By Democracy, Winter 2005-2006)

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)

2005 28 Sunni men found shot in head in Jasan Diyala near Iranian border

2005 US-Iraq Op Steel Curtain to clear Qaim Anbar ended

2006 Amb Khalilzad said PM Maliki should be given more control over Iraqi forces and US should push

him towards reconciliation

2006 White House staff began first day of Iraq strategy review Would lead to Surge

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

2006 Senate Armed Services Com CENTCOM Cmdr Gen Abizaid said that changing troop levels

wouldn’t fix Iraq’s problems Said large US presence stopped Iraqis from taking responsibility Said new strategy needed but didn’t want Congress to set withdrawal timelines Same time said he was sending more troops to Anbar Said that Iraqi forces might be able to take charge of security in less than 12 months DIA Dir Gen Maples said things could get worse in Iraq due to weak governance growing insecurity lack of reconciliation CIA Dir Gen Hayden said that even if Baghdad gained more popular support unlikely govt could carry out meaningful reforms CIA and DIA directors said that attacks had gone from 70 per day in January to 100 per day in May and 180 in October

(Musings On Iraq US Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 20 Baghdad Burns, Summer-Fall 2006)

(Musings On Iraq review The U.S. Army In The Iraq War: Volume 1, Invasion, Insurgency, Civil

War, 2003-2006)

(Musings On Iraq review Night Draws Near, Iraq’s People In The Shadow Of America’s War)

2006 Group of Health Min workers kidnapped

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

2007 PM Maliki said referendum on Kirkuk’s future would be held on this date Didn’t happen

2007 Report 42 women killed in Basra Jul-Sep 07 Provincial police chief said women facing repression

Islamist parties and militias going after women that didn’t cover themselves those who were working etc

2007 US general said number of bombs used/found in Iraq went from 3,239 in Mar 07 to 1,560 in Oct 07

Was fewest number since Sep 05 Also fewer Iranian arms shipments being found/used

(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

2008 Australia’s former military chief Adm Barrie told TV show that he thought Australia should have

never gone into Iraq

2008 PM Maliki put Interior Min in charge of security in Mosul Had been transferring Kurdish units out

of Ninewa Switched Kurdish officers out of units in DIyala Ninewa Salahaddin Was part of Maliki’s confrontation with KRG

2008 PM Maliki organized protests in Nasiriya Tikrit Basra Hawija Karbala Najaf Nasiriya Samawa Hillah

using Tribal Support Council he created Chanted against Kurds taking disputed areas

(Musings On Iraq Argument For Maliki Being Iraq’s Next Strongman)

(Musings On Iraq Disputes Over Tribal Support Councils)

2008 Shiite politicians met with Ayatollah Sistani over Status of Forces Agreement with US Sistani said

he supported it

2009 PM Maliki said that Baathists would use 2010 elections to return to power but he would never let

that happen Maliki had been emphasizing Baathist threat since Aug Baghdad bombings which were actually done by ISI

(Musings On Iraq Maliki Returns to Sectarian Politics)

2009 Soldiers arrested 6 in Abu Ghraib Baghdad Found shot in the head in field 7 other bodies

found from same area

2018 Oil Ministry began sending oil through KRG pipeline to Turkey once again after year hiatus

(Musings On Iraq Kirkuk Oil Fields And US Pressure Lead Iraq To Agree to Use Kurdish Pipeline Again)

2019 3 protesters killed by sticky bomb and 3 by gunfire in Tahrir Square 3 small bombs

went off in square as well 

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

2019 Sit in protest restarted at Um Qasr port in Basra Politicians house burned in Dhi Qar

Sadrists protested in Kufa and Diwaniya Bomb in protest site in Nasiriya

2019 Ayatollah Sistani’s representatives said none of the protesters’ demands had been met

Called for election reform

View the Iraq History Timelines 

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